xgettext - Unix, Linux Command

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xgettext - extract gettext strings from source


xgettext [OPTION] [INPUTFILE]...


Extract translatable strings from given input files.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. Similarly for optional arguments.

Input file location:

  input files
-f, --files-from=FILE
  get list of input files from FILE
-D, --directory=DIRECTORY
  add DIRECTORY to list for input files search
If input file is -, standard input is read.

Output file location:

-d, --default-domain=NAME
  use NAME.po for output (instead of messages.po)
-o, --output=FILE
  write output to specified file
-p, --output-dir=DIR
  output files will be placed in directory DIR
If output file is -, output is written to standard output.

Choice of input file language:

-L, --language=NAME
  recognise the specified language (C, C++, ObjectiveC, PO, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Smalltalk, Java, JavaProperties, C#, awk, YCP, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, NXStringTable, RST, Glade)
-C, --c++ shorthand for --language=C++
By default the language is guessed depending on the input file name extension.

Input file interpretation:

  encoding of input files (except for Python, Tcl, Glade)
By default the input files are assumed to be in ASCII.

Operation mode:

-j, --join-existing
  join messages with existing file
-x, --exclude-file=FILE.po
  entries from FILE.po are not extracted
-c, --add-comments[=TAG]
  place comment block with TAG (or those preceding keyword lines) in output file

Language specific options:

-a, --extract-all
  extract all strings (only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, Glade)
-k, --keyword[=WORD]
  additional keyword to be looked for (without WORD means not to use default keywords)
(only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, Glade)
  additional flag for strings inside the argument number ARG of keyword WORD
(only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, YCP, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source)
-T, --trigraphs
  understand ANSI C trigraphs for input (only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC)
--qt recognize Qt format strings (only language C++)
--debug more detailed formatstring recognition result

Output details:

-e, --no-escape
  do not use C escapes in output (default)
-E, --escape
  use C escapes in output, no extended chars
  write PO file even if empty
-i, --indent
  write the .po file using indented style
  do not write ’#: filename:line’ lines
-n, --add-location
  generate ’#: filename:line’ lines (default)
  write out strict Uniforum conforming .po file
  write out a Java .properties file
  write out a NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings file
-w, --width=NUMBER
  set output page width
--no-wrap do not break long message lines, longer than the output page width, into several lines
-s, --sort-output
  generate sorted output
-F, --sort-by-file
  sort output by file location
  don’t write header with ‘msgid ""’ entry
  set copyright holder in output
  omit FSF copyright in output for foreign user
  set report address for msgid bugs
-m, --msgstr-prefix[=STRING]
  use STRING or "" as prefix for msgstr entries
-M, --msgstr-suffix[=STRING]
  use STRING or "" as suffix for msgstr entries

Informative output:

-h, --help display this help and exit
-V, --version
  output version information and exit


Written by Ulrich Drepper.


Report bugs to <bug-gnu-gettext@gnu.org>.


Copyright © 1995-1998, 2000-2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


xgettext is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and xgettext programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info xgettext
should give you access to the complete manual.
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