Non-Negative Matrix Factorization

Mithilesh Pradhan
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:28:36
Introduction Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) is a supervised algorithm used to represent data into lower dimensions which reduces the number of features while preserving enough basic information to construct the original matrix from the reduced feature space. In this article, we will be going explore more about NMF and how it can be useful. Non-Negative Matrix Factorization NMF is used to reduce the dimensions of the input matrix or corpus. It uses factor analysis which gives less importance to less relevant words. The decomposition of the original matrix(which is a non-negative matrix) thus creates a product of two non-negative coefficients ... Read More

The “Oldconfig” Target In The Linux Kernel Makefile

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:27:12
Abstract The Linux kernel is the core component of the Linux operating system, and it is responsible for managing system resources and providing various services to user space applications. Building the Linux kernel from source is a common task for developers and system administrators, and the Makefile is the primary tool used for this purpose. One of the targets provided by the Makefile is the "oldconfig" target, which is used to update the kernel configuration file based on the current system configuration. In this tutorial, we will explain the "oldconfig" target and how to use it. Note − Linux commands ... Read More

Testing Bash Scripts With Bats in Linux

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:26:13
Abstract There are countless applications for the widely used and beneficial scripting language bash. Despite the fact that the language itself is widely used, testing it is not as common. This may result in expensive mistakes and reduced trust in the code. In this article, we are going to understand how to test bash scripts with the Bats in the Linux. Note − Linux commands are case-sensitive. What is BATS? Bash Automated Testing System, sometimes known as BATS, is a testing framework. Before a bash program is released, it may be verified using this automated testing procedure that it is ... Read More

Skip Hidden Files and Directories During Recursive Copy

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:24:41
Abstract On the Linux command line, cp -r can be the first command that appears when we want to copy directories recursively. Dotfiles are understood to function under Linux as hidden files. We occasionally exclude hidden files and directories from directories while copying them recursively. We'll learn how to do it in this tutorial. Note − Linux commands are case-sensitive. SCP command Using the command-line tool SCP (secure copy), you can safely move files and directories between two places. We can copy a file or directory with scp from a local system to a remote system, from a remote ... Read More

Parse Command Line Arguments in Bash on Linux

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:23:59
Abstract Command-line arguments can be entered sequentially or processed into options by bash programs. These arguments are used by command-line utilities to selectively select between execution environments or conditionally trigger functions in a Bash script. They can be set up in various ways in Bash. Note − Linux commands are case-sensitive. getopt Syntax The Syntax for getopts is − $ getopts optstring opt [arg ...] The following applies to the aforementioned function − The options are represented by an optstring. If there is a colon (:) following the option, it expects a response. In the optstring, option c, ... Read More

How to Show the wget Progress Bar Only in Linux?

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:23:18
Abstract Remote management of UNIX/Linux/BSD servers via an ssh session is a common practice. For installation, you might need to download the software or other files. For Linux operating systems, a few strong graphical download managers are available. However, the non-interactive downloader is preferred when using the wget command at the command line or shell prompt. The wget command supports a wide range of settings and Internet protocols, including HTTP, FTP, HTTPS, and others. One of the simplest uses of the wget command is to download a single file and place it in the directory where you are currently working. ... Read More

How to Set Wget Connection Timeout in Linux?

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:22:38
Abstract When working in a Linux environment, you have the freedom to decide how you want to download your files from a transparent URL. The majority of users are accustomed to Linux's interactive method of downloading such files. This interactive method involves using a web browser, where a user clicks on a download button that is available and waits until the file download has begun and is successfully finished. An alternate method for obtaining network-based files through a non-interactive or command-line environment is the free GNU software Wget. The Wget utility's non-interactive property suggests that your file downloads can proceed ... Read More

Fixing the "Too many open files" Error in Linux

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:21:55
Abstract On Linux servers under heavy load, "too many open files" problems occur frequently. It denotes that a process is unable to open new files (file descriptors) because it has opened too many already. The "max open file limit" is predetermined by default for each process or user on Linux, and the settings are modest. The number of concurrent files descriptor users and processes is constrained. The "Too many open files error" appears when the limit is reached when the user or process tries to open more file descriptors. Therefore, increasing the maximum number of file descriptors a user or ... Read More

Find the Process That is Using a File in Linux

Kunal Verma
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 18:20:05
Abstract There may be a situation where, despite the fact that no one is attempting to access the share to your knowledge, you are unable to unmount it. This is typically seen while mounting a share. The potential error that you could experience is "the file is busy", or we may occasionally see the notice "the file is busy" when attempting to access a file. This indicates that a process is active on the system that is using the file and keeping it open for reading or writing. Sometimes, when this occurs, we'll want to figure out which process is ... Read More

How to Cry on the Spot?

Ankur Choudhury
Updated on 23-Mar-2023 17:49:39
With lives getting busier, the cases of people ignoring their emotional and mental health are on the rise. This makes it much more essential to take care of our emotions. One of the most effective ways of dealing with emotions is crying. Crying indeed makes you feel better, be it anxiety, frustration, or even stress. Since crying needs stimulation, it sometimes becomes challenging to cry when you need to. Therefore, it becomes essential to understand how you can call on the spot. Some of the ways to call on the spot are as follows − Not Blinking the Eyes ... Read More
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