Reasoning - Word Formation
Word formation is a process of utilizing your intellectual knowledge to form a meaningful word from a given series of jumbled letters. numbered You should have strong vocabulary knowledge to solve these types of questions. Unless you are not good at judging the write spelling of a word, situation may become difficult for you with a rise in complexity of the questions. To understand the basic of this type of question, let’s start with a simple example.
Consider the following jumbled letters
Rearrange them in such a manner that it will indicate a name of a fruit and mark the first letter of the word as your answer from the following options.
A - A
B - P
C - E
D - G
Answer − Option D
Explanation − Here a careful reading of the question will show that the examiner is asking us to design a word that will indicate the name of a fruit. Now with a hit and trial method and with correct logical approach, we can get to know that the word is “GRAPE”, the first letter of which is G. Hence; our answer will be option D.
Now, you must be wondering that how can one arrive at correct word so suddenly? Well, as we have told before, this is completely your test upon verbal knowledge and it will take a lot of practise to know the methods by yourself to arrive at the correct word quickly. Let’s now discuss some different types of questions that may arise under this category.
Though the process involves the same; judging the right word from the given jumbled letters, yet, we must be aware with other different types of possible variations that are asked in this sections. Let’s discuss some of them.
Sometimes jumbled letters are given followed by some numbers. In the options, there will be four possible structures of numbers. One of them will indicate a meaningful word. You have to choose that option as your answer. Let’s take an example.
Consider the following arrangement of letters with their respective numbers. Choose the best option the structure of which describes a meaningful word.
E M L E P T
1 2 3 4 5 6
A - 612534
B - 623154
C - 234561
D - 123456
Answer − Option A
Explanation − We can clearly see that only the structures of numbers given in option A gives rise to a meaningful word.
In this type, whole series of alphabets will be given in a series of two rows. Some statements will be given that will direct the student to choose letters from that series and design a meaningful word out of that. Let’s take an example to understand it.
Consider the following arrangement −
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Take the middle and left most 1st letter of the 1st row. Similarly take the middle and 2nd letter from the left end of the 2nd row. Form a word that will indicate the category of an animal. Mark the first letter of that word as your answer.
A - G
B - A
C - M
D - P
Answer − Option A
Explanation − In the first series that is present from A-M, the left most 1st letter is A and the in the series of 13 letters, the middle letter is G. Similarly in the 2nd row, the middle letter is T and the 2nd left side letter is O.
Now as we have got the letters, we have to design a word that indicates the name of an animal. With possible structures of letters, we can arrive at the word GOAT. Now here the first letter is G and hence; option A is our answer.
In this type of category, we will discuss about those cases in which the answer will be asked in terms of “X”, where X may be the first or last letter of the formulated word or may be something else as directed by the questioner. Let’s take an example to understand it in a better way.
Rearrange the following jumbled letters ”NKEAS” to get a meaningful word that will indicate the name of an animal and the first letter of that word will be X. Mark the correct option that describes X well.
A - A
B - K
C - S
D - None of these
Answer − Option C
Explanation − The correct arrangement will lead to the word “Snake” and its first letter is X. Hence; the value of X will be S i.e. Option C.