Statement and Conclusions - Solved Examples


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Each of the following questions consists of one statement followed by two conclusions. You have to decide which one of them can be followed.

Q 1 − Statement: Economy of India primarily depends upon forest.

Conclusions:

I. Saving of the tree should be done to grow economy of India.

II. Only India needs to focus on saving the tree.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - A

Explanation

Here the 1st conclusion is the indirect explanation of the given statement. Hence conclusion I is valid. Conclusion II has said nothing about the other nation’s condition. So; II conclusion is not valid. Therefore; in this case, only conclusion I is valid. Our answer is option A.


Q 2 − Statement: It is not good to interfere in anyone’s private life.

Conclusions:

I. Encroachment in anyone’s personal matter is bad.

II. Professional detail does not come under private life.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - A

Explanation

Encroachment should not be there in anyone’s private life does imply the same meaning as told in the given statement but we clearly do not know about the presence of professional life under personal zone. Hence only conclusion I is valid.


Q 3 − Statement: Pakistan is planning to test five nuclear bombs in Baghdad.

Conclusions:

I. People of Pakistan are supporting the decision of the nation.

II. Other nations will oppose the decision made by Pakistan.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - D

Explanation

From the given statement, it cannot be conferred clearly whether people of Pakistan and other nations will support the decision or not. Hence neither of the conclusions is valid.


Q 4 − Statement: Only smart and intelligent people are invited into the conference. Shakti has been invited to attain the conference.

Conclusions:

I. Shakti is smart.

II. Shakti is intelligent.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - E

Explanation

Shakti has been called for the conference means that he is smart and intelligent. Hence both the conclusions are valid.


Q 5 − Statement: Company Z is making such camera that you can take perfect photos even in bad weather.

Conclusions:

I. No other company has such a manufacturing camera unit.

II. Any common man can take perfect shots through this camera.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - D

Explanation

Conclusion I is not valid because of the fact that other camera companies may have such kind of manufacturing units. Conclusion II also is not valid because the given statement talks about the camera not the photographer.


Q 6 − Statement: The panel asked 5 members to resign from job or else they will be facing forceful rejection. Four of them have resigned till this evening.

Conclusions:

I. One manager will resign tomorrow.

II. The panel will terminate him tomorrow.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - C

Explanation

Any of the above two conclusion can happen.


Q 7 − Statement: Quality comes with a price. India is spending a lot for education.

Conclusions:

I. Soon improvement in the quality of education in India will happen.

II. Only funding can improve the quality of education.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - A

Explanation

According to the given statement, to get quality education, one needs to spend much and India is spending much for quality education. Therefore, it is for sure that the quality of education is going to improve in near future. Hence conclusion I is valid. Conclusion II however; is irrelevant related to statement.


Q 8 − Statement: Fashion is a form of ugliness and becomes necessary to change every six months.

Conclusions:

I. Fashion designers are incapable of understanding the mind of the general public very well.

II. Public go for a new change every time.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - B

Explanation

First conclusion is not true because it is the work of the fashion designers to judge the fashion trends and needs of the people before designing. However, people generally get attracted by new arrivals every time. So only conclusion II is valid.


Q 9 − Statement: Nepal was selected by the UNICEF executive board.

Conclusions:

I. A bad news for India, as Nepal is trying to have a good relationship with China.

II. Nepal has been always been as a good friend to India.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - C

Explanation

Here any one of the two given conclusions can happen.


Q 10 − Statement: Maoists called a two day bandh opposing operation Green hunt.

Conclusions:

I. Maoists are against this operation.

II. Maoists support this operation.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is valid.

B - Only conclusion II is valid.

C - Either conclusion I or II is valid.

D - Neither conclusion I nor II is valid.

E - Both the conclusions are valid.

Answer - A

Explanation

Maoists calling bandh means of course they are against this operation.



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