Logical Deduction Online Quiz


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Following quiz provides Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) related to Logical Deduction. You will have to read all the given answers and click over the correct answer. If you are not sure about the answer then you can check the answer using Show Answer button. You can use Next Quiz button to check new set of questions in the quiz.

Questions and Answers

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 1 - Statements: All beams are rays. All sun are rays.

Conclusions:

I. Some sun are beams.

II. No sun is beams.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : D

Explanation

Since the intermediate term 'rays' is not present even for a single time in the statements, no definite conclusion can be ascertained.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 2 - Statements: Some devils are angels. All social workers are angels

Conclusions:

I. Some devils are social workers.

II. Some social workers are devils

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : D

Explanation

The first statement is an I type proposition. So, the intermediate term 'angels' forming the significance is not distributed. The second statement is an A type proposition. So, the intermediate term 'angels' forming the significance is not distributed. Since the intermediate term is not distributed even once in the statements, no definite conclusion is valid.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 3 - Statements: All poles are pillars. Some boats are not poles.

Conclusions:

I. All pillars are boats.

II. Some boats are not pillars.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : D

Explanation

Clearly, the term 'pillars' is distributed in both the conclusions without being distributed in any of the statements. So, none of the conclusions is valid.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 4 - Statements: Some books are pens. No pen is pencil.

Conclusions:

I. Some books are pencils.

II. No book is pencil.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : C

Explanation

Only option C is correct. Because either of the options can be correct. Each has equal chance to occur. So, option c is correct.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 5 - Statements: All water is divine. All churches are divine.

Conclusions:

I. All water is churches.

II. All churches are water.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : D

Explanation

Since the intermediate term 'divine' is not distributed even once in the statements, no definite conclusion can be drawn.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 6 - Statements: Some brinjals are bananas. All bananas are pumpkins.

Conclusions:

I. Some brinjals are pumpkins.

II. All pumpkins are brinjals.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : A

Explanation

Some brinjals are definitely pumpkins because some brinjals are bananas and all bananas are pumpkins. But conclusion II is not on the cards. Hence, option A is correct.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 7 - Statements: All apples are green in colour. No green-coloured things are cheap.

Conclusions:

I. All apples are cheap.

II. Green-colored apples are not cheap.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : B

Explanation

Clearly, the conclusion must be broad but not positive and should not contain the intermediate term. So, it is valid that 'No apple is cheap'. Since all apples are green in colour, we may substitute apples with 'golden-colored apples. Thus, II is valid.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 8 - Statements: All bacteria are amoeba. No fish is amoeba. Some amoebas are fungi.

Conclusions:

I. There is possibility that some fishes are amoeba.

II. Some bacteria are fish.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : A

Explanation

Option A is correct because surely there is possibility that some fishes are amoeba. But some bacteria are fish is not possible. Hence, option A is correct.

The following question, two or three statements are given and after that two conclusions are provided. You have to take the statements to be true though it shows difference from the known facts. At first, read the statements and then go to the conclusions. Among the conclusions, decide which is logically correct and answer the question by choosing the options provided.

Q 9 - Statements: All bags are tables. All lamps are tables.

Conclusions:

I. Some lamps are bags.

II. No lamp is bag.

Options:

A - Only conclusion I is correct.

B - Only conclusion II is correct.

C - Either I or II is correct.

D - Neither I nor II is correct.

E - Both I and II are correct.

Answer : C

Explanation

Since the intermediate term 'tables' is not distributed even once in the statements, no definite conclusion is valid. However, I and II conclusions involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. So, either I or II is valid.

The following question are given with some conclusions. Choose the options that logically follow the most.

Q 10 - Statements: Some clothes are cottons. Some cotton is bags.

Conclusions:

I. No cloth is a bag.

II. All cottons are bags.

III. Some bags are clothes.

IV. No cottons is a cloth.

Options:

A - I is valid

B - II is valid

C - Both II and III are valid

D - None are valid

Answer : D

Explanation

None of the above conclusions holds true. Hence option D is correct.

reasoning_logical_deduction.htm
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