Syllogism Online Quiz


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Following quiz provides Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) related to Syllogism. You will have to read all the given answers and click over the correct answer. If you are not sure about the answer then you can check the answer using Show Answer button. You can use Next Quiz button to check new set of questions in the quiz.

Questions and Answers

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 1 - Statements:

I. No cat is a mouse.

II. Some mice are birds.

Conclusions:

I. No cat is a bird.

II. Some birds are not cats.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : B

Explanation

No cat is a mouse (E) + some mice are birds (I) = E + I = O ∗ = some birds are not cats. Hence conclusion II follows. But conclusion I does not follow.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 2 - Statements:

I. No Nainital is a Cherapunjee.

II. All Cherapunjee are Mysore.

Conclusions:

I. At least some Mysore are Cherapunjee.

II. No Mysore is a Nainital.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : A

Explanation

All Cherapunjee are Mysore (A) – conversion – some Mysore are Cherapunjee (I). Hence conclusion I follows. No Nainital is a Cherapunjee (E) + all Cherapunjee are Mysore (A) = E + A = O ∗ = some Mysore are not Nainital. Hence conclusion II does not follow.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 3 - Statements:

I. Some hearts are lungs.

II. No lung is kidney.

Conclusions:

I. Some lungs are hearts.

II. Some lungs are hearts.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : A

Explanation

Conclusion I is the immediate inference drawn from first statement. For mediate inference, I + E = O. Therefore, from the pair of statements, conclusion “some hearts are not kidney” is valid. But this is not our conclusion. Hence only conclusion I follows.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 4 - Statements:

I. All tablets are Androids.

II. No Android is an IOS.

Conclusions:

I. No tablet is an IOS.

II. At least some Androids are tablets.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : E

Explanation

All tablets are Androids (A) + no Android is an IOS (E) = A + E = E = no tablets is an IOS. Hence conclusion I follows. Again, all tablets are Androids (A) - conversion -some Androids are tablets (I). Hence conclusion II also follows.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 5 - Statements:

I. Some badminton are tennis.

II.All tennis are racket.

Conclusions:

I. Some badminton are racket.

II. All badminton are racket.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : A

Explanation

Both the statements are aligned, i.e. predicate of the first is the subject of the second. From the table of mediate inference, we know that I + A = I. Hence conclusion “some badminton are racket” follows.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 6 - Statements:

I. No samsung is a nokia.

II. Some nokia are oppo.

Conclusions:

I. No samsung is a oppo.

II. Some oppo are not samsung.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : B

Explanation

No samsung is a nokia (E) + some nokia are oppo (I) = E + I = O ∗ = some oppo are not samsung. Hence conclusion II only follows, but conclusion I does not follow.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 7 - Statements:

I. No cup is a glass.

II. Some glasses are bottles.

Conclusions:

I. No cup is a bottle.

II. Some bottles are not cups.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : B

Explanation

No cup is a glass (E) + some glasses are bottles (I) = E + I = O ∗ = some bottles are not cups. Hence conclusion II follows, but conclusion I does not follow.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 8 - Statements:

I. Some ropes are tubes.

II. Some tubes are mats.

Conclusions:

I. Some tubes are ropes.

II. Some mats are tubes.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : E

Explanation

Both the conclusions are immediate inferences drawn from statements and follow the rule of conversion.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 9 - Statements:

I. All necks are vertebrae.

II. Some vertebrae are collar.

Conclusions:

I. Some necks are collar.

II. No neck is collar.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : C

Explanation

Both the conclusions are mediate inferences. We know from table of mediate inference that A + I = no result. However, this conclusion forms the complementary pairs and comply the conditions, i.e. both the conclusions are I - E type and have the same subject and predicate. Hence either 1 or 2 follows.

Two statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered as I and II respectively. Consider the given statements as true even if they seem to be not. After reading all the conclusions conform which of the given conclusions logically follows, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q 10 - Statements:

I. Some Indians are braves.

II. No brave is Pakistani.

Conclusions:

I. Some braves are Indians.

II. No Indian is Pakistani.

A - If only conclusion I follows.

B - If only conclusion II follows.

C - If either conclusion I or II follows.

D - If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

E - If both conclusion I and II follows.

Answer : A

Explanation

Conclusion I is the immediate inference drawn from first statement. For mediate inference, I + E = O. Therefore, from the pair of statements, conclusion “some Indians are not Pakistani” is valid. But this is not our conclusion. Hence only conclusion I follows.


reasoning_syllogism.htm

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