Reasoning - Logical Sequence of Words
Logical sequence of words as the name implies is that type of reasoning which consists of words and we have to find out a sequence which is logical in that context. Normally, in these questions, the words are mentioned in serial numbers 1, 2, 3 etc. There should be a minimum of four words to ensure complexity of the question. There are is no limit of maximum serial of numbers. There are some questions in which numbers even range to eight or nine options. But such type of questions are very rare. Because if you will give nine options on technical issues then it may be next to impossible for some candidates to solve the question and find out the logical sequence of the question. So, generally maximum six options are provided in logical sequence of words.
The question can arise from different fields. It may be from daily life, preparing a dish, office schedule, time table, administration process, oceans and continents, animals and birds etc. Questions can arise from all the sectors of the world, all the neighbourhood around us and we have to just find a logical sequence of these words. For example,
1. Wall 2. Sand 3. Cement 4. Brick 5. Water
Here five words are given. First we need to read all the five words. It is wall, sand, cement, brick and water. Now we can imagine that it is a question on construction. So, we know that first sand is put on ground then cement is added to the sand and they are mixed. After mixing, water is added to the mixture then the mixture is used with brick to make a wall. So, the logical sequence of the words is as follows −
Sand, Cement, Water, Brick, and Wall.
But the options provided in such type of questions is different, it may not be mentioned in words. The options provided are like 1, 2, 3, 5, 4 or 2, 1, 3, 4, 5 etc. so, in the above example the answer is 2, 3, 4, 5, 1. Now let’s take another example −
1. USA 2. Vatican City 3. England 4. India
Here four numbers are provided and in each of the four numbers, names of four countries are given. So, now how we can make a logical sequence of words from such a question. Normally for such type of questions, we follow the options. And see how the options are arranged. We all know that according to area Vatican City is world’s smallest country and USA is one of the biggest countries in the world. The other two countries are England and India and India is bigger than England. So, we can arrange them either in ascending or descending order. They can be arranged in following way −
USA, India, England, Vatican City or
Vatican City, England, India, USA.
To get the answer we have to look at the options and find out which one is provided. One thing is sure that both the options will not be there so we have to find out any one of them which will be our answer. Now look at another type of example which is common in logical sequence −
1. Cotton dress 2. Weaver 3. Weaving machine 4. Cotton
Such problems are very common in logical sequence because production of cotton dress is final. We know that but which one will be first which one will be second and which one will be third is the real question. Weaver may come at first place because without weaver who will complete the cloth making process similarly cotton can also come at first because it is the raw material without which a dress cannot be made. We can also state that weaving machine can also come in first place. So in such a situation where multiple options can come at first place of the sequence we should look at the options provided carefully.
A - 4, 2, 1, 3
B - 4, 2, 3, 1
C - 1, 3, 2, 4
D - 2, 1, 3, 4
Cotton dress which is at the first place in the question must come at the last spot. In the above shown options only option B indicates that, so undoubtedly option B is our answer. From option B, we can also conclude that cotton comes at first place, weaver comes at the second place and weaving machine comes at the third place. So, our problem is solved. Logical sequence of words contain such type of questions. And we have to just find the way for a sequence in which we can solve the question.
1 - 1. Bus stand 2. Office 3. Bus 4. Home
A - 3, 2, 1, 4
B - 4, 1, 3, 2
C - 1, 3, 4, 2
D - 2, 1, 3, 4
Answer - Option B
First we will come out from home then go to bus stand to catch the bus then we can reach the office.
2 - 1. Russia 2. Brazil 3. Germany 4. Maldives
A - 2, 1, 3, 4
B - 3, 2, 1, 4
C - 4, 3, 2, 1
D - 1, 3, 2, 4
Answer − Option C
We can arrange it both in ascending or descending order of their area. Only option C is correct. Because it represents the sequence in ascending order.
3 - 1. Production 2. River 3. Reservoir 4. Irrigation 5. Electricity
A - 2, 3, 4, 5, 1
B - 1, 3, 2, 4, 5
C - 2, 1, 3, 4, 5
D - 1, 3, 2, 4, 5
Answer − Option A
The correct sequence is −
River- reservoir- irrigation- electricity- production