# Boats & Streams - Solved Examples

Q 1 - Speed of boat in still water is 16 km/hr. If the speed of the stream is 4 km/hr, find its downstream and upstream speeds.

**Answer - B**

**Explanation**

Downstream Speed = u + v = 16 + 4 = 20 km/hr Upstream Speed = u - v = 16 - 4 = 12 km/hr

Q 2 - A man can row downstream at 18 km/hr and upstream at 12 km/hr. Find his speed in still water and the rate of the current.

**Answer - C**

**Explanation**

Speed of the boat or swimmer in still water = 1/2 * (Downstream Speed + Upstream Speed) = 1/2 * (18+12) = 15 km/hr Speed of the current = 1/2 * (Downstream Speed - Upstream Speed) = 1/2 * (18-12) = 3 km/hr

Q 3 - A man swims downstream 28 km in 4 hrs and upstream 12 km in 3 hrs. Find his speed in still water and also the speed of the current.

**Answer - B**

**Explanation**

Downstream Speed (u) = 28/4 = 7 km/hr Upstream Speed (v) = 12/3 = 4 km/hr Speed of the boat or swimmer in still water = 1/2*(Downstream Speed + Upstream Speed) = 1/2*(7+4) = 5.5 km/hr Speed of the current = 1/2*(Downstream Speed - Upstream Speed) = 1/2*(7-4) = 1.5 km/hr

Q 4 - The speed of the boat in still water is 15 km/hr. It takes twice as long as to go upstream to a point as to return downstream to the starting point. What is the speed of the current?

**Answer - B**

**Explanation**

Let speed of the current = S km/hr. As per question, Downstream Speed = 2*Upstream speed 15 + S = 2(15 - S) S = 3 km/hr

Q 5 - A boat covers a certain distance downstream in 6 hours and takes 8 hours to return upstream to the starting point. If the speed of the stream is 3 km/hr, find the speed of the boat in still water.

**Answer - C**

**Explanation**

t1 = 6 hrs t2 = 8 hrs v = 3 km/hr u = ? We know, (u + v)t1 = (u - v)t2 (u + 3)6 = (u - 3)8 u = 3 km/hr

Q 6 - The speed of river Ganga is 5 km/hr. A motor boat travels 28 km upstream and then returns downstream to the starting point. If its speed in still water be 9 km/hr, find the total journey time.

**Answer - C**

**Explanation**

We know, Downstream speed = u + v = 9 + 5 = 14 km/hr Upstream Speed = u - v = 9 - 5 = 4 km/hr Speed = Distance/Time ∴ Time = Distance/Speed ∴ Total time taken = t1 + t2 = 28/4 + 28/14 = 7 + 2 = 9 hr

Q 7 - A boat travels 32 km upstream and 60 km downstream in 9 hr. Also it travels 40 km upstream and 84 km downstream in 12 hrs. Find the speed of the boat in still water and rate of the current.

**Answer - A**

**Explanation**

Let, upstream speed = u km/hr Downstream speed = d km/hr 32/u + 60/d = 9 (Time = Distance/Speed) Simlarly, 40/u + 84/d = 12 32x + 60y = 9 ...(i) (Assuming 1/u = x and 1/d = y) 40x + 84y = 12 ...(ii) (Equation(ii) * 4) - (Equation (i)*5), we get, y = 1/12. So, x = 1/8 Hence, downstream speed = 12 km/hr Upstream speed = 8 km/hr So, Speed of the boat in still water = 1/2*(12+8) = 10 km/hr Speed of the current = 1/2*(12 - 8) = 2 km/hr

Q 8 - The speed of a swimmer in still water is 12km/hr. It takes 6 hrs to swim to a certain distance and return to the starting point. The speed of current is 4km/hr. Find the distance between the two points.

**Answer - B**

**Explanation**

Let distance = D Downstream time = t1; Downstream Speed = 1/2*(12+4) = 8 km/hr Upstream Time = t2; Upstream Speed = 1/2*(12-4) = 4 km/hr Total time = t1 + t2 6 = (D/Upstream speed) + (D/Downstream speed) 6 = D/8 + D/4 D = 16 km

Q 9 - A boat running downstream covers a distance of 30 kms in 2 hrs. While coming back the boat takes 6 hrs to cover the same distance. If the speed of the current is half that of the boat, what is the speed of the boat?

**Answer - C**

**Explanation**

Downstream Speed = 30/2 = 15 km/hr Upstream Speed = 30/6 = 5 km/hr Speed of the boat in still water = 1/2*(downstream speed + upstream speed) = 1/2*(15+5) = 10 km/hr

Q 10 - A steamer goes downstream from one point to the other in 4 hrs. It covers the same distance upstream in 5 hrs. If the speed of the stream is 2 km/hr, the distance between the two pints is

**Answer - D**

**Explanation**

Let the distance be D km. ∴ Downstream Speed = D/4 km/hr And Upstream Speed = D/5 km/hr Given, Speed of current = 2 km/hr Speed of the current = 1/2*(Downstream Speed - Upstream Speed) 2 = 1/2*(D/4 - D/5) D = 80 km