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Test Automation

What is Test Automation?

Software Test automation makes use of specialized tools to control the execution of tests and compares the actual results against the expected result. Usually, regression tests, which are repetitive actions, are automated.

Testing Tools not only helps us to perform regression tests but also helps us to automate data set up generation, product installation, GUI interaction, defect logging, etc. Automation tools are used for both Functional and Non-Functional testing.

Criteria for Tool Selection:

For automating any application, the following parameters should be considered:

  • Data driven capabilities

  • Debugging and logging capabilities

  • Platform independence

  • Extensibility & Customizability

  • E-mail Notifications

  • Version control friendly

  • Support unattended test runs

Types of Frameworks:

Typically, there are 4 test automation frameworks that are adopted while automating the applications:

  • Data Driven Automation Framework

  • Keyword Driven Automation Framework

  • Modular Automation Framework

  • Hybrid Automation Framework

Popular Tools that are used for Functional automation:

Quick Test ProfessionalHPwww.hp.com/go/qtp
Rational RobotIBMhttp://www-03.ibm.com/software/products/us/en/robot/
Coded UIMicrosofthttp://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd286726.aspx
SeleniumOpen Sourcehttp://docs.seleniumhq.org/
Auto ITOpen Sourcehttp://www.autoitscript.com/site/

Popular Tools that are used for Non Functional automation:

Load RunnerHPwww.hp.com/go/LoadRunner
Burp SuitePortSwiggerhttp://portswigger.net/burp/