The job of a verb is to mention the action of a sentence. However, an action could have happened in the past, can happen in the present, or can happen in the future too. Depending on the time in which the action takes place, the verb is expressed in tenses.
Actions are of two types - one, where occurrences take place, for example — I sleep, I talk, he rides, she falls, etc. The other type of actions is the state of being or status, for example – I am, He is, etc. Depending on these two different types of verbs, their tense forms will vary.
Any action has the possibility to occur in three time-zones only. It has either occurred in the Past, occurs in the Present, or may occur in the Future. Based on this, there are three tenses −
Some people argue that there is no Future Tense in English as words like “will, shall” can be used for many present-time actions.
Also, many sentences can also be written talking of future actions without using “will, shall”.
Simple present tense is a form that is used by a verb when it describes an action that happens regularly in the present time.
When the action happens regularly in the present, we use the base form of the verb with “I, You, We” and related plural nouns. For “he, she, it” cases and related singular nouns, we use “s” with the base form of verbs.
If the verb talks about the nature, state of being, or status of some person, we will use the “be” form.
In this case −
Simple Past Tense is used to talk of actions that started and ended in the past.
In most of the cases, the past tense of a verb can be formed by using “ed” with the main verb, for example, “talk- talked”. But there are many exceptions like “go- went”.
If the verb talks about the nature, state of being, or status of some person, we will use the “be” form, but in their past form.
In this case −
Many verbs don’t use “ed” to change their tense to past. Some use only “d” in their past form and some use completely different words for their past form, while some don’t change at all.
Some of the common words are here −
|Base Verb||Simple||Past Participle|
When talking of actions that may happen in the future, we use “will, shall”. However, there are many ways in which we can talk of actions that can happen in future without using “will, shall”. The reader is supposed to understand the meaning of such sentences.
If the verb talks about the nature, state of being, or status of some person, we use “will” with “be” form −
If a sentence has two actions that may happen in the future, we use “will, shall” with only one of them, as that will make the reader understand that the sentence is being spoken for a future action.