Gerunds, Infinitives and Participles - Solved Examples


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Q 1 − I remember ... on the terrace ... the stars when I slept.

A - having lay / watching

B - lying / to watch

C - to lie / having watched

D - to have lain / to watch

Answer - A

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.


Q 2 − Joseph regrets ... Jonah ... participate in the dance competition.

A - having persuaded / doing

B - being persuaded / to do

C - to persuade / doing

D - persuading / to

Answer - D

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.


Q 3 − I managed to ... Roshan agree to ... us his car just for an hour

A - make / lending

B - force / lend

C - get / to lend

D - have / lent

Answer - A

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in ae sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.


Q 4 − Don’t involve me ... baking cakes now. I am busy ... my script.

A - in / typing

B - up / to type

C - on / in typing

D - for / typing

Answer - A

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.


Q 5 − I am pleased … the secrets of this family recipe.

A - told

B - to have told

C - telling

D - to be told

Answer - D

Explanation

An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb.


Q 6 − Ronin got her employees ... their work before deadlines.

A - complete

B - to complete

C - being completed

D - completed

Answer - B

Explanation

An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb.


Q 7 − He hesitated … runs in the beginning, but he was resolute … quick singles.

A - making / in taking

B - make / taking

C - making / to take

D - to make / to take

Answer - A

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.


Q 8 − Mr. Scindia started ...a talk on how he plans.... his business.

A - to give / to expand

B - giving / to expand

C - having given / having expanded

D - to give / expanding

Answer - A

Explanation

An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb.


Q 9 − The Kumars are planning ... sail early if the weather doesn’t return ... them again.

A - to set / having hindered

B - setting / to hinder

C - To set / to hinder

D - to set / for hindering

Answer - C

Explanation

An infinitive has the exact job as that of a gerund, however the difference is that while a gerund is formed by using verb + "ing", infinitives are formed by using "to" + verb.


Answer - B

Explanation

A gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place.



verbal_ability_gerunds_infinitives_participles.htm
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