Verbal Ability - Nouns
Definition of a Noun
A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, quality, animal, idea or activity.
Person − Mahima
Thing − Disk
Animal − Duck
Activity − Navigation
Place − Delhi
Quality − Weight
Idea − Intelligence
Types of Nouns
The names used for specific things, places, and people. For example — Jon, Paris.
The names used for things in general. For example — table, house.
The objects that can be identified through one of the five senses. For example – phone, chair.
The names denoting quality, feeling or idea. For example – freedom, justice.
Count nouns are those that can be counted. They are singular or plural. Plurals usually end with “s.” For example — Singular – Card, Plural – Cards.
Most nouns ending in ‘s’, ‘sh’, ‘o’, or ‘ch’ sounds need an ‘-es’ suffix to be plural. Nouns ending in a consonant followed by ‘y’ become plural by ending with ’ies’.
Singular — Bus (Ends with ‘s’ sound)
Plural — Buses
Singular — Dish (Ends with ‘sh’ sound)
Plural — Dishes
Singular — Potato (Ends with o’ sound)
Plural — Potatoes
Singular — Church (Ends with ‘ch’ sound)
Plural — Churches
Singular — Mystery (Ends with ‘y’ sound)
Plural — Mysteries
These are nouns that don’t end with either “s” or ‘es’ as suffixes in plural.
Singular — Mouse
Plural — Mice
Singular — Ox
Plural — Oxen
These are nouns that cannot be counted and usually do not have a plural form.
Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things. Unlike uncountable nouns, they can usually be counted, so they usually have plural forms.
Singular — Batch
Plural — Batches
These names are called possessive as they express ownership. They commonly use “of.” For example – An act of God.
Most singular possessives are formed by adding an apostrophe and “s.” If the noun is plural, the possessive form becomes “s” and apostrophe.
- Singular Subject: Boy
- Singular Possessive: Boy’s
- Plural Subjects: Boys
- Singular Possessive: Boys’
If the plural noun does not end with an “s,” the possessive is formed by adding apostrophe and “s.”
- Singular Common: Woman
- Singular Possessive: Woman’s
- Plural Common: Women
- Plural Possessive: Women’s
- Plural Possessive: Oxen’s