General Knowledge - Chemicals


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The following table describes the major chemicals used in everyday life −

Chemical Name Chemical Formula Common Name Source
Acetic acid CH3COOH + H2O 5% Solution: White vinegar grocery store, photo store
Acetone CH3COCH3 Acetone, nail polish remover drug store, paint store
Acetylsalicylic acid C9H8O4 Aspirin drug store
drug store Al Aluminum foil, aluminum wire and sheet grocery store, hardware store
Aluminum hydroxide Al(OH)3 General; "antacid tablets "lumina hydrate blended with magnesium hydroxide drug store
Ammonia NH3(aq) Ammonia drug store
Ammonium phosphate (NH4)3PO4 Fertilizer garden/Agricultural supply
Ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4 Fertilizer garden/Agricultural supply
Ascorbic acid C6H8O6 Vitamin C drug store
Boric acid H3BO3 Ant/Roach Killer drug store, hardware store
Butane C4H10 lighter fuel grocery store
Caffeine C8H10N4O2 No-Doz drug store, grocery store
Calcium carbonate CaCO3 Limestone,Carbonate of Lime garden store & others
Calcium chloride CaCl2 Ice melter, road salt/deicer hardware store
Calcium hypochlorite Ca(ClO)2 Bleaching powder, chlorinating powder grocery store, hardware store
Calcium phosphate Ca(H2PO4)2 Superphosphate garden supply
Calcium sulfate CaSO4 Gypsum, Plaster of Paris hardware store
Camphor C10H16O grocery store
Carbonic acid H2CO3 soda water (seltzer) grocery store
Citric acid C6H8O7 Sour salt grocery store
Ethanol CH3CH2OH Ethyl alcohol, alcohol liquor store
Fructose C6H12O6 Fruit sugar grocery store
Glucose C6H12O6 Dextrose, corn syrup grocery store, drug store
grocery store, drug store C3H8O3 Propanetriol grocery store, drug store
Hydrochloric acid HCl Muriatic acid, Masonry cleaner hardware store
Kerosene CnH2n+2 Lamp oil home store
Lactic acid CH3COHCOOH Milk acid grocery store
Magnesium silicate Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 Talc grocery store
Nitrous oxide N2O Whipping gas, Laughing gas grocery store, drug store
Oxalic acid C2H2O4 rust remover grocery store, drug store
Potassium carbonate K2CO3 Potash garden supply
Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 Baking soda, grocery store, drug store
Sodium carbonate Na2CO3 Washing soda grocery store, drug store
Sodium chlorate NaClO3 grocery store, drug store
Sodium chloride NaCl Salt grocery store
Sodium hydroxide NaOH Caustic soda grocery store
Sodium hypochlorite NaClO Bleach grocery store
Sodium thiosulfate Na2S2O3 Hypo photography supply stores
Sucrose C12H22O11 Sugar grocery store
Sulfuric acid H2SO4 Vitriol hardware store
Urea H2NCONH2 Ice melter, fertilizer garden supply stores


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