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CSS2 Reference Guide


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This is a complete reference guide for web developers where haved we listed all the CSS properties defined in the World Wide Web Consortium's Recommended Specification for Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2

Click any property to see its description with examples:

PropertyDescription
azimuth Describes the position of a sound source along the horizontal axis of the listener's environment.
background Composite property for the following properties:
  • background-attachment
  • background-color
  • background-image
  • background-position
  • background-repeat
background-attachment Determines if the background image is fixed in the window or scrolls as the document scrolls
background-color Sets the background color of an element
background-image Sets the background image of an element
background-position Sets the initial position of the element's background image, if specified; values normally are paired to provide x, y positions; default position is 0% 0%.
background-repeat Determines how the background image is repeated (tiled) across an element
border Sets all four of an element's borders; value is one or more of a color, a value for border-width, and a value for border-style
border-bottom Sets an element's bottom border; value is one or more of a color, a value for border-bottom-width, and a value for border-style
border-bottom-width Sets the thickness of an element's bottom border.
border-collapse Sets the table border rendering algorithm
border-color Sets the color of all four of an element's borders; default is the color of the element
border-left-color Sets the color of an element's left borders; default is the color of the element
border-right-color Sets the color of an element's right borders; default is the color of the element
border-top-color Sets the color of an element's top borders; default is the color of the element
border-bottom-color Sets the color of an element's bottom borders; default is the color of the element
border-left Sets an element's left border; value is one or more of a color, a value for border-left-width, and a value for border-style.
border-left-width Sets the thickness of an element's left border
border-right Sets an element's right border; value is one or more of a color, a value for border-right-width, and a value for border-style.
border-right-width Sets the thickness of an element's right border
border-spacing With separate borders set the spacing between borders. One value sets vertical and horizontal spacing and two values sets horizontal and vertical spacing respectively.
border-style Sets the style of all four of an element's borders
border-top Sets an element's top border; value is one or more of a color, a value for border-top-width, and a value for border-style
border-top-width Sets the thickness of an element's top border.
border-width Sets the thickness of all four of an element's borders
bottom Used with the position property to place the bottom edge of an element
caption-side Sets the position for a table caption
clear Sets which margins of an element must not be adjacent to a floating element; the element is moved down until that margin is clear
clip Sets the clipping mask for an element
color Sets the color of an element
content Inserts generated content around an element.
counter-increment Increments a counter by 1; value is a list of counter names, with each name optionally followed by a value by which it is incremented.
counter-reset Resets a counter to zero; value is a list of counter names, with each name optionally followed by a value to which it is reset.
cue-after Plays the designated sound after an element is spoken
cue-before Plays the designated sound before an element is spoken
cursor Defines shap of the cursor
direction Defines direction of the flow of an element content
display Controls how an element is displayed
elevation Sets the height at which a sound is played
empty-cells With separate borders, hides empty cells in a table
float Determines if an element floats to the left or right, allowing text to wrap around it or be displayed inline
font Sets all the font attributes for an element. Value is any of the values for:
  • font-style
  • font-variant
  • font-weight
  • font-size
  • line-height
  • font-family
font-family Defines the font for an element, either as a specific font or as one of the generic serif, sans-serif, cursive, fantasy, and monospace.
font-size Defines the font size
font-size-adjust Adjusts the current font's aspect ratio
font-stretch Determines the amount to stretch the current font
font-style Defines the style of the face, either normal or some type of slanted style
font-variant Defines a font to be in small caps
font-weight Defines the font weight . if a number is used, it must be a multiple of 100 between 100 and 900; 400 is normal, 700 is the same as the keyword bold
height Defines the height of an element
left Used with the position property to place the left edge of an element
letter-spacing Inserts additional space between text characters
line-height Sets the distance between adjacent text baselines
list-style Defines list-related styles using any of the values for:
  • list-style-image
  • liststyle-position
  • list-style-type
list-style-image Defines an image to be used as a list item's marker, in lieu of the value for:
  • list-style-type
list-style-position Indents or extends (default) a list item's marker with respect to the item's content
list-style-type Defines a list item's marker either for unordered lists (circle, disc, or square) or for ordered lists (decimal, loweralpha, lower-roman, none, upper-alpha, or upper-roman)
margin Defines all four of an element's margins
margin-bottom Defines the bottom margin of an element. Default value is 0.
margin-left Defines the left margin of an element. Default value is 0.
margin-right Defines the right margin of an element. Default value is 0.
margin-top Defines the top margin of an element. Default value is 0.
marker-offset The marker-offset property can be used in bulleted lists for specifying the distance between the nearest border edges of a marker box (or bullet) and its associated principal box.
marks The marks property is used to set crop marks and cross marks on paged media. This is used with the @page rule.
max-height max-height property is used to constrain the height of an element.
max-width max-width property is used to set the maximum width of an element.
min-height min-height property is used to constrain the height of an element.
min-width min-width property is used to constrain the width of an element.
orphans Sets the minimum number of lines allowed in an orphaned paragraph fragment
outline The outline property is a shorthand property to specify all outline properties.
outline-color The outline-color property is used to specify the color of the outline. Note that, unlike the border property, outline does not take up extra space and it can be non-rectangular.
outline-color-style The outline-style property is used to specify the style of the outline. Note that, unlike the border property, outline does not take up extra space and it can be non-rectangular.
outline-width The outline-color property is used to specify the color of the outline. Note that, unlike the border property, outline does not take up extra space and it can be non-rectangular.
overflow Determines how overflow content is rendered
padding Defines all four padding amounts around an element
padding-bottom Defines the bottom padding of an element. Default value is 0
padding-left Defines the left padding of an element. Default value is 0
padding-right Defines the right padding of an element. Default value is 0
padding-top Defines the top padding of an element. Default value is 0
page Associates a named page layout with an element
page-break-after Forces or suppresses page breaks after an element.
page-break-before Forces or suppresses page breaks before an element.
page-break-inside Suppresses page breaks within an element
pause The pause property is CSS shorthand for specifying shorthand property for specifying pauses in aural media.
pause-after Pauses a media after speaking an element
pause-before Pauses a media before speaking an element
pitch Sets the average pitch of an element's spoken content
pitch-range Sets the range of the pitch, from 0 (flat) to 100 (broad); default is 50
play-during If a URL is provided, it is played during an element's spoken content . specifying repeat loops the audio; mix causes it to mix with, rather than replace, other background audio.
position Sets the positioning model for an element
quotes Sets the quote symbols used to quote text
richness Sets the richness of the voice, from 0 (flat) to 100 (mellifluous); default is 50
right Used with the position property to place the right edge of an element.
size The size property is used in paged media to specify the size of the page.
speak Determines how an element's content is spoken.
speak-header Determines if table headers are spoken once for each row or column or each time a cell is spoken.
speak-numeral Determines how numerals are spoken
speak-punctuation Determines if punctuation is spoken or used for inflection
speech-rate Sets the rate of speech; a number sets the rate in words per minute
stress Sets the stress of the voice, from 0 (catatonic) to 100 (hyperactive); default is 50.
table-layout Determines the table-rendering algorithm
text-align Sets the text alignment style for an element
text-decoration Defines any decoration for the text; values may be combined
text-indent Defines the indentation of the first line of text in an element; default is 0
text-shadow Creates text drop shadows of varying colors and offsets
text-transform Transforms the text in the element accordingly
top Used with the position property to place the top edge of an element.
vertical-align Sets the vertical positioning of an element
visibility Determines if an element is visible in the document or table
voice-family Selects a named voice family to speak an element's content
volume Sets the volume of spoken content; numeric values range from 0 to 100
white-space Defines how whitespace within an element is handled
widows Sets the minimum number of lines allowed in a widowed paragraph fragment
width Defines the width of an element
word-spacing Inserts additional space between words
z-index Sets the rendering layer for the current element.

Pseudo-classes & Pseudo-elements:

PropertyDescription
:active Use this class to add special effect to an activated element
:focus Use this class to add special effect to an element while the element has focus
:hover Use this class to add special effect to an element when you mouse over it
:link Use this class to add special effect to an unvisited link
:visited Use this class to add special effect to a visited link
:first-child Use this class to add special effect to an element that is the first child of some other element.
:lang Use this class to specify a language to use in a specified element
:first-letter Use this element to add special effect to the first letter of a text
:first-line Use this element to add special effect to the first line of a text
:before Use this element to insert some content before an element
:after Use this element to insert some content after an element


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