Tutorials Point


  CSS Beginners
  CSS Advanced
  CSS References
  CSS Resources
  Selected Reading

Copyright © 2014 by tutorialspoint



  Home     References     Discussion Forums     About TP  

CSS - Lists


previous next AddThis Social Bookmark Button


Advertisements

Lists are very helpful in conveying a set of either numbered or bulleted points. This tutorial teaches you how to control list type, position, style etc. using CSS

There are following five CSS properties which can be used to control lists:

  • The list-style-type Allows you to control the shape or appearance of the marker.

  • The list-style-position Specifies whether a long point that wraps to a second line should align with the first line or start underneath the start of the marker.

  • The list-style-image Specifies an image for the marker rather than a bullet point or number.

  • The list-style Serves as shorthand for the preceding properties.

  • The marker-offset Specifies the distance between a marker and the text in the list.

Now we will see how to use these properties with examples.

The list-style-type Property:

The list-style-type property allows you to control the shape or style of bullet point (also known as a marker) in the case of unordered lists, and the style of numbering characters in ordered lists.

Here are the values which can be used for an unordered list:

ValueDescription
noneNA
disc (default)A filled-in circle
circleAn empty circle
squareA filled-in square

Here are the values which can be used for an ordered list:

ValueDescriptionExample
decimalNumber1,2,3,4,5
decimal-leading-zero0 before the number01, 02, 03, 04, 05
lower-alphaLowercase alphanumeric charactersa, b, c, d, e
upper-alphaUppercase alphanumeric charactersA, B, C, D, E
lower-romanLowercase Roman numeralsi, ii, iii, iv, v
upper-roman Uppercase Roman numeralsI, II, III, IV, V
lower-greek The marker is lower-greek alpha, beta, gamma
lower-latin The marker is lower-latin a, b, c, d, e
upper-latin The marker is upper-latin A, B, C, D, E
hebrew The marker is traditional Hebrew numbering  
armenian The marker is traditional Armenian numbering  
georgian The marker is traditional Georgian numbering  
cjk-ideographicThe marker is plain ideographic numbers 
hiraganaThe marker is hiraganaa, i, u, e, o, ka, ki
katakanaThe marker is katakanaA, I, U, E, O, KA, KI
hiragana-irohaThe marker is hiragana-irohai, ro, ha, ni, ho, he, to
katakana-irohaThe marker is katakana-irohaI, RO, HA, NI, HO, HE, TO

Here is the example:


<ul style="list-style-type:circle;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ul style="list-style-type:square;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ol style="list-style-type:decimal;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

<ol style="list-style-type:lower-alpha;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

<ol style="list-style-type:lower-roman;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

This will produce following result:

  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

The list-style-position Property:

The list-style-position property indicates whether the marker should appear inside or outside of the box containing the bullet points. It can have one the two values:

ValueDescription
noneNA
insideIf the text goes onto a second line, the text will wrap underneath the marker. It will also appear indented to where the text would have started if the list had a value of outside.
outsideIf the text goes onto a second line, the text will be aligned with the start of the first line (to the right of the bullet).

Here is the example:


<ul style="list-style-type:circle; list-stlye-position:outside;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ul style="list-style-type:square;list-style-position:inside;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ol style="list-style-type:decimal;list-stlye-position:outside;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

<ol style="list-style-type:lower-alpha;list-style-position:inside;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

This will produce following result:

  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

The list-style-image Property:

The list-style-image allows you to specify an image so that you can use your own bullet style. The syntax is as follows, similar to the background-image property with the letters url starting the value of the property followed by the URL in brackets. If it does not find given image then default bullets are used.

Here is the example:


<ul>
<li style="list-style-image: url(/images/bullet.gif);">Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ol>
<li style="list-style-image: url(/images/bullet.gif);">Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

This will produce following result:

  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

The list-style Property:

The list-style allows you to specify all the list properties into a single expression. These properties can appear in any order.

Here is the example:


<ul style="list-style: inside square;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ol style="list-style: outside upper-alpha;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

This will produce following result:

  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

The marker-offset Property:

The marker-offset property allows you to specify the distance between the marker and the text relating to that marker. Its value should be a length as shown in the following example:

Unfortunately, however, this property is not supported in IE 6 or Netscape 7.

Here is the example:


<ul style="list-style: inside square; marker-offset:2em;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ul>

<ol style="list-style: outside upper-alpha; marker-offset:2cm;">
<li>Maths</li>
<li>Social Science</li>
<li>Physics</li>
</ol>

This will produce following result:

  • Maths
  • Social Science
  • Physics
  1. Maths
  2. Social Science
  3. Physics

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice


previous next Printer Friendly

Advertisements


  

Advertisements