CSS - Pseudo-class :focus


The :focus pseudo-class is used to add special effect to an element while the element has focus.

While defining pseudo-classes in a <style>...</style> block, following points should be taken care −

  • a:hover MUST come after a:link and a:visited in the CSS definition in order to be effective.

  • a:active MUST come after a:hover in the CSS definition in order to be effective.

  • Pseudo-class names are not case-sensitive.

  • Pseudo-class are different from CSS classes but they can be combined.

Possible Values

  • color − Any valid color value.

Applies to

Anchor / Link element.


Following is the example which demonstrates how to use :focus class to change the color of focused links.

      <style type = "text/css">
         a:focus {color: #0000FF}

      <a href = "/html/index.htm">Click this Link</a>

This will produce following link. This will change it color to orange when this link gets focused, then you focus on any other link to see that this color will change when it will lose focus.