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PHP Filesystem Functions


The filesystem functions are used to access and manipulate the filesystem PHP provides you all the posible functions you may need to manipulate a file.


The error and logging functions are part of the PHP core. There is no installation needed to use these functions.

Runtime Configuration:

The behaviour of these functions is affected by settings in php.ini.

allow_url_fopen"1"PHP_INI_ALLPHP_INI_ALL in PHP <= 4.3.4. PHP_INI_SYSTEM in PHP < 6. Available since PHP 4.0.4.
allow_url_include"0"PHP_INI_ALLPHP_INI_SYSTEM in PHP 5. Available since PHP 5.2.0.
user_agentNULLPHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.0.3.
default_socket_timeout"60"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.3.0.
auto_detect_line_endings"0"PHP_INI_ALLAvailable since PHP 4.3.0.

PHP Error and Logging Constants:

PHP: indicates the earliest version of PHP that supports the constant.

You can use any of the constant while configuring your php.ini file.

Constant Description PHP
FILE_USE_INCLUDE_PATH Search for filename in include_path 5.0.0
FILE_APPEND Append content to existing file.  
FILE_IGNORE_NEW_LINES Strip EOL characters 5.0.0
FILE_SKIP_EMPTY_LINES Skip empty lines 5.0.0
FILE_BINARY Binary mode 6.0.0
FILE_TEXT Text mode 6.0.0

List of Functions

PHP: indicates the earliest version of PHP that supports the function.

Function Description PHP
basename() Returns filename component of path 3
chgrp() Changes file group 3
chmod() Changes file mode 3
chown() Changes file owner 3
clearstatcache() Clears file status cache 3
copy() Copies file 3
delete() Deletes file  
dirname() Returns directory name component of path 3
disk_free_space() Returns available space in directory 4.0.7
disk_total_space() Returns the total size of a directory 4.0.7
diskfreespace() Alias of disk_free_space() 4.0.7
fclose() Closes an open file pointer 3
feof() Tests for end-of-file on a file pointer 3
fflush() Flushes the output to a file 4
fgetc() Gets character from file pointer 3
fgetcsv() Gets line from file pointer and parse for CSV fields 3
fgets() Gets line from file pointer 3
fgetss() Gets line from file pointer and strip HTML tags 3
file_exists() Checks whether a file or directory exists 3
file_get_contents() Reads entire file into a string 4.3.0
file_put_contents() Write a string to a file 5
file() Reads entire file into an array 3
fileatime() Gets last access time of file 3
filectime() Gets inode change time of file 3
filegroup() Gets file group 3
fileinode() Gets file inode 3
filemtime() Gets file modification time 3
fileowner() Gets file owner 3
fileperms() Gets file permissions 3
filesize() Gets file size 3
filetype() Gets file type 3
flock() Portable advisory file locking 3
fnmatch() Match filename against a pattern 4.0.3
fopen() Opens file or URL 3
fpassthru() Output all remaining data on a file pointer 3
fputcsv() Format line as CSV and write to file pointer 5.1.0
fputs() Alias of fwrite() 3
fread() Binary-safe file read 3
fscanf() Parses input from a file according to a format 4.0.1
fseek() Seeks on a file pointer 3
fstat() Gets information about a file using an open file pointer 4
ftell() Tells file pointer read/write position 3
ftruncate() Truncates a file to a given length 4
fwrite() Binary-safe file write 3
glob() Find pathnames matching a pattern 4.0.3
is_dir() Tells whether the filename is a directory 3
is_executable() Tells whether the filename is executable 3
is_file() Tells whether the filename is a regular file 3
is_link() Tells whether the filename is a symbolic link 3
is_readable() Tells whether the filename is readable 3
is_uploaded_file() Tells whether the file was uploaded via HTTP POST 4.0.3
is_writable() Tells whether the filename is writable 3
is_writeable() Alias of is_writable() 3
lchgrp() Changes group ownership of symlink 5.1.2
lchown() Changes user ownership of symlink 5.1.2
link() Create a hard link 3
linkinfo() Gets information about a link 3
lstat() Gives information about a file or symbolic link 3
mkdir() Makes directory 3
move_uploaded_file() Moves an uploaded file to a new location 4.0.3
parse_ini_file() Parse a configuration file 4
pathinfo() Returns information about a file path 4.0.3
pclose() Closes process file pointer 3
popen() Opens process file pointer 3
readfile() Outputs a file 3
readlink() Returns the target of a symbolic link 3
realpath() Returns canonicalized absolute pathname 4
rename() Renames a file or directory 3
rewind() Rewind the position of a file pointer 3
rmdir() Removes directory 3
set_file_buffer() Alias of stream_set_write_buffer() 3
stat() Gives information about a file 3
symlink() Creates a symbolic link 3
tempnam() Create file with unique file name 3
tmpfile() Creates a temporary file 3
touch() Sets access and modification time of file 3
umask() Changes the current umask 3
unlink() Deletes a file 3

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