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PHP gmstrftime() Function


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Definition and Usage

The gmstrftime function accepts a format string as a parameter, and formats a GMT/UTC time/date according to the locale settings.

Syntax

gmstrftime($format, $timestamp)

Parameters

Sr.No Parameter & Description
1

format(Mandatory)

This is a string value representing the format in which you need to format the date/time.

2

timestamp(Optional)

This is an integer value representing the Unix time stamp specifying the current time value.

Return Values

PHP gmstrftime() function retrurns a string value representing the formatted time. You can change the month and week day names to other language using the

setlocale()

method.

PHP Version

This function was first introduced in PHP Version 5.3 and, works with all the later versions.

Example

Following example demonstrates the usage of the gmstrftime() function −

Live Demo
<?php
   $date = gmstrftime("%A %d %B %G");
   $time = gmstrftime("%T");
   print("Date: ".$date ."\n");
   print("Time: ".$time);
?>

This will produce following result −

Date: Wednesday 13 May 2020
Time: 17:23:34

Example

Let us try this function by passing the time stamp parameter (along with the format) −

Live Demo
<?php
   $timestamp = mktime(7, 36, 45, 06, 25, 2017); 
   $date = gmstrftime("%A %d %B %G %T", $timestamp );
   print("Date: ".$date ."\n");
?>

This will produce following result −

Date: Sunday 25 June 2017 07:36:45

Example

following example prints the day of the week and month of a particular date in Catalan language −

Live Demo
<?php
   setlocale(LC_TIME, 'ca_ES', 'Catalan_Spain', 'Catalan');
   $date = gmstrftime("%A %d %B %G %T");
   print("Date: ".$date ."\n");
?>

This will produce following result −

Date: dimecres 13 maig 2020 17:28:16 

Example

Live Demo
<?php
   setlocale(LC_TIME, 'en_US');   
   echo strftime("%b %d %Y %H:%M:%S", mktime(9, 45, 30, 12, 31, 2015)) . "\n";
   echo gmstrftime("%b %d %Y %H:%M:%S", mktime(9, 45, 30, 12, 31, 2015)) . "\n"; 
?>

This produces the following result −

Dec 31 2015 20:00:00
Dec 31 2015 20:00:00

Following are the various characters to format the date/time using strftime &minus

  • %a − abbreviated weekday name

  • %A − full weekday name

  • %b − abbreviated month name

  • %B − full month name

  • %c − preferred date and time representation

  • %C − century number (the year divided by 100, range 00 to 99)

  • %d − day of the month (01 to 31)

  • %D − same as %m/%d/%y

  • %e − day of the month (1 to 31)

  • %g − like %G, but without the century

  • %G − 4-digit year corresponding to the ISO week number (see %V).

  • %h − same as %b

  • %H − hour, using a 24-hour clock (00 to 23)

  • %I − hour, using a 12-hour clock (01 to 12)

  • %j − day of the year (001 to 366)

  • %m − month (01 to 12)

  • %M − minute

  • %n − newline character

  • %p − either am or pm according to the given time value

  • %r − time in a.m. and p.m. notation

  • %R − time in 24 hour notation

  • %S − second

  • %t − tab character

  • %T − current time, equal to %H:%M:%S

  • %u − weekday as a number (1 to 7), Monday=1. Warning: In Sun Solaris Sunday=1

  • %U − week number of the current year, starting with the first Sunday as the first day of the first week

  • %V − The ISO 8601 week number of the current year (01 to 53), where week 1 is the first week that has at least 4 days in the current year, and with Monday as the first day of the week

  • %W − week number of the current year, starting with the first Monday as the first day of the first week

  • %w − day of the week as a decimal, Sunday=0

  • %x − preferred date representation without the time

  • %X − preferred time representation without the date

  • %y − year without a century (range 00 to 99)

  • %Y − year including the century

  • %Z or %z − time zone or name or abbreviation

  • %% − a literal % character

php_function_reference.htm
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