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xsltproc - Unix, Linux Command

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xsltproc - command line XSLT processor


xsltproc [[-V --version] [-v --verbose] [{-o --output} {FILE DIRECTORY}] --timing --repeat --debug --novalid --noout --maxdepth VALUE --html --param PARAMNAME PARAMVALUE --stringparam PARAMNAME PARAMVALUE --nonet --path "PATH(S)" --load-trace --catalogs --xinclude [--profile --norman] --dumpextensions --nowrite --nomkdir --writesubtree PATH --nodtdattr] [STYLESHEET] {XML-FILE -}


xsltproc is a command line tool for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents. It is part of libxslt(3), the XSLT C library for GNOME. While it was developed as part of the GNOME project, it can operate independently of the GNOME desktop.

xsltproc is invoked from the command line with the name of the stylesheet to be used followed by the name of the file or files to which the stylesheet is to be applied. It will use the standard input if a filename provided is -

If a stylesheet is included in an XML document with a Stylesheet Processing Instruction, no stylesheet need to be named at the command line. xsltproc will automatically detect the included stylesheet and use it.

By default, output is to stdout. You can specify a file for output using the -o or --output option.

More information can be found at

o libxml(3) web page  http://www.xmlsoft.org/
o W3C XSLT page  http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt


xsltproc accepts the following options (in alphabetical order):

  Use the SGML catalog specified in SGML_CATALOG_FILES to resolve the location of external entities. By default, xsltproc looks for the catalog specified in XML_CATALOG_FILES. If that is not specified, it uses /etc/xml/catalog.
--debug Output an XML tree of the transformed document for debugging purposes.
  Dumps the list of all registered extensions on stdout.
--html The input document is an HTML file.
  Display all the documents loaded during the processing to stderr.
--maxdepth VALUE
  Adjust the maximum depth of the template stack before libxslt(3) concludes it is in an infinite loop. The default is 500.
  Do not apply default attributes from the document’s DTD.
  Refuses to create directories.
--nonet Do not use the Internet to fetch DTDs, entities or documents.
--noout Do not output the result.
  Skip loading the document’s DTD.
  Refuses to write to any file or resource.
-o or --output FILE | DIRECTORY
  Direct output to the given FILE. Using the option with a DIRECTORY directs the output files to the specified directory. This can be useful for multiple outputs (also known as "chunking") or manpage processing. Note: The given directory must already exist.
  Pass a parameter of name PARAMNAME and value PARAMVALUE to the stylesheet. You may pass multiple name/value pairs up to a maximum of 32. If the value being passed is a string rather than a node identifier, use --stringparam instead.
--path "PATH(S)"
  Use the (space- or colon-separated) list of filesystem paths specified by PATHS to load DTDs, entities or documents. Enclose space-separated lists by quotation marks.
--profile or --norman
  Output profiling information detailing the amount of time spent in each part of the stylesheet. This is useful in optimizing stylesheet performance.
  Run the transformation 20 times. Used for timing tests.
  Pass a paramenter of name PARAMNAME and value PARAMVALUE where PARAMVALUE is a string rather than a node identifier. Note: The string must be UTF-8 encoded.
  Display the time used for parsing the stylesheet, parsing the document and applying the stylesheet and saving the result. Displayed in milliseconds.
-v or --verbose
  Output each step taken by xsltproc in processing the stylesheet and the document.
-V or --version
  Show the version of libxml(3) and libxslt(3) used.
--writesubtree PATH
  Allow file write only within the PATH subtree.
  Process the input document using the Xinclude specification. More details on this can be found in the Xinclude specification:  http://www.w3.org/TR/xinclude/


  to be written ...
  Catalog behavior can be changed by redirecting queries to the user’s own set of catalogs. This can be done by setting the XML_CATALOG_FILES environment variable to a list of catalogs. An empty one should deactivate loading the default /etc/xml/catalog default catalog.


xsltproc’s return codes provide information that can be used when calling it from scripts.

0 No error (normal operation)
1 No argument
2 Too many parameters
3 Unknown option
4 Failed to parse the stylesheet
5 Error in the stylesheet
6 Error in one of the documents
7 Unsupported xsl:output method
8 String parameter contains both quote and double-quotes
9 Internal processing error
10 Processing was stopped by a terminating message




John Fleck <jfleck@inkstain.net>.

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