Unix for Beginners
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mapscrn - Unix, Linux Command
mapscrn - load screen output mapping table
mapscrn [-v] [-o map.orig] mapfile
mapscrn command is obsolete - its function is now built-in into setfont.
However, for backwards compatibility it is still available
as a separate command.
mapscrn command loads a user defined output character mapping table into the
console driver. The console driver may be later put into
use user-defined mapping table mode by outputting a special escape sequence to the console device.
This sequence is
<esc>(K for the
G0 character set and
<esc>)K for the
G1 character set.
-o option is given, the old map is saved in
There are two kinds of mapping tables: direct-to-font tables,
that give a font position for each user byte value, and user-to-unicode
tables that give a unicode value for each user byte. The corresponding
glyph is now found using the unicode index of the font.
sets up a one-to-one direct-to-font table where user bytes
directly address the font. This is useful for fonts that are
in the same order as the character set one uses.
A command like
sets up a user-to-unicode table that assumes that the user
uses ISO 8859-2.
mapscrn command can read the map in either of two formats:
1. 256 or 512 bytes binary data
2. two-column text file
Format (1) is a direct image of the translation
table. The 256-bytes tables are direct-to-font, the 512-bytes tables are user-to-unicode tables.
Format (2) is used to fill the
table as follows: cell with offset mentioned in the first column is filled
with the value mentioned in the second column.
When values larger than 255 occur, or values are written using
the U+xxxx notation, the table is assumed to be a user-to-unicode
table, otherwise it is a direct-to-font table.
Values in the file may be specified in one of several
1. Decimal: String of decimal digits not starting with 0
2. Octal: String of octal digits beginning with 0.
3. Hexadecimal: String of hexadecimal digits preceded by "0x".
4. Unicode: String of four hexadecimal digits preceded by "U+".
5. Character: Single character enclosed in single quotes. (And the binary value is used.)
Note that blank, comma, tab character and # cannot be specified
with this format.
6. UTF-8 Character: Single (possibly multi-byte) UTF-8 character, enclosed in single quotes.
Note that control characters (with codes < 32) cannot be re-mapped with
mapscrn because they have special meaning for the driver.
/lib/kbd/consoletrans is the default directory for screen mappings.
Copyright (C) 1993 Eugene G. Crosser
This software and documentation may be distributed freely.