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xgettext - Unix, Linux Command


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NAME

xgettext - extract gettext strings from source

SYNOPSIS

xgettext [OPTION] [INPUTFILE]...

DESCRIPTION

Extract translatable strings from given input files.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. Similarly for optional arguments.

Input file location:

TagDescription
INPUTFILE ...
  input files
-f, --files-from=FILE
  get list of input files from FILE
-D, --directory=DIRECTORY
  add DIRECTORY to list for input files search
If input file is -, standard input is read.

Output file location:

TagDescription
-d, --default-domain=NAME
  use NAME.po for output (instead of messages.po)
-o, --output=FILE
  write output to specified file
-p, --output-dir=DIR
  output files will be placed in directory DIR
If output file is -, output is written to standard output.

Choice of input file language:

TagDescription
-L, --language=NAME
  recognise the specified language (C, C++, ObjectiveC, PO, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Smalltalk, Java, JavaProperties, C#, awk, YCP, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, NXStringTable, RST, Glade)
-C, --c++ shorthand for --language=C++
By default the language is guessed depending on the input file name extension.

Input file interpretation:

TagDescription
--from-code=NAME
  encoding of input files (except for Python, Tcl, Glade)
By default the input files are assumed to be in ASCII.

Operation mode:

TagDescription
-j, --join-existing
  join messages with existing file
-x, --exclude-file=FILE.po
  entries from FILE.po are not extracted
-c, --add-comments[=TAG]
  place comment block with TAG (or those preceding keyword lines) in output file

Language specific options:

TagDescription
-a, --extract-all
  extract all strings (only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, Glade)
-k, --keyword[=WORD]
  additional keyword to be looked for (without WORD means not to use default keywords)
(only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source, Glade)
--flag=WORD:ARG:FLAG
  additional flag for strings inside the argument number ARG of keyword WORD
(only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC, Shell, Python, Lisp, EmacsLisp, librep, Scheme, Java, C#, awk, YCP, Tcl, Perl, PHP, GCC-source)
-T, --trigraphs
  understand ANSI C trigraphs for input (only languages C, C++, ObjectiveC)
--qt recognize Qt format strings (only language C++)
--debug more detailed formatstring recognition result

Output details:

TagDescription
-e, --no-escape
  do not use C escapes in output (default)
-E, --escape
  use C escapes in output, no extended chars
--force-po
  write PO file even if empty
-i, --indent
  write the .po file using indented style
--no-location
  do not write ’#: filename:line’ lines
-n, --add-location
  generate ’#: filename:line’ lines (default)
--strict
  write out strict Uniforum conforming .po file
--properties-output
  write out a Java .properties file
--stringtable-output
  write out a NeXTstep/GNUstep .strings file
-w, --width=NUMBER
  set output page width
--no-wrap do not break long message lines, longer than the output page width, into several lines
-s, --sort-output
  generate sorted output
-F, --sort-by-file
  sort output by file location
--omit-header
  don’t write header with ‘msgid ""’ entry
--copyright-holder=STRING
  set copyright holder in output
--foreign-user
  omit FSF copyright in output for foreign user
--msgid-bugs-address=EMAIL@ADDRESS
  set report address for msgid bugs
-m, --msgstr-prefix[=STRING]
  use STRING or "" as prefix for msgstr entries
-M, --msgstr-suffix[=STRING]
  use STRING or "" as suffix for msgstr entries

Informative output:

TagDescription
-h, --help display this help and exit
-V, --version
  output version information and exit

AUTHOR

Written by Ulrich Drepper.

REPORTING BUGS

Report bugs to <bug-gnu-gettext@gnu.org>.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 1995-1998, 2000-2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO

xgettext is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and xgettext programs are properly installed at your site, the command
TagDescription
info xgettext
should give you access to the complete manual.

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