df - Unix, Linux Command


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NAME

df - report file system disk space usage

SYNOPSIS

df [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

df displays the amount of disk space available on the file system containing each file name argument.

If no file name is given, the space available on all currently mounted file systems is shown. Disk space is shown in 1K blocks by default, unless the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is set, in which case 512-byte blocks are used.

If an argument is the absolute file name of a disk device node containing a mounted file system, df shows the space available on that file system rather than on the file system containing the device node (which is always the root file system).

This version of df cannot show the space available on unmounted file systems, because on most kinds of systems doing so requires very nonportable intimate knowledge of file system structures.

OPTIONS

TAG DESCRIPTION
-a, --all include dummy file systems
B, --block-size=SIZE use SIZE-byte blocks

 

--direct show statistics for a file instead of mount point
--total produce a grand total
-h, --human-readable print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
-H, --si likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024/p>
-i, --inodes list inode information instead of block usage/td>
-k like --block-size=1K
-l, --local limit listing to local file systemsp
--no-sync do not invoke sync before getting usage info (default)
-P, --portability use the POSIX output format
--sync invoke sync before getting usage info
-t, --type=TYPE limit listing to file systems of type TYPE
-T, --print-type print file system type
--x, --exclude-type=TYPE limit listing to file systems not of type TYPE
-v (ignored)
--help display this help and exit
--version output version information and exit

EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE-1:

Displays the information of device name, total blocks, total disk space, used disk space, available disk space and mount points on a file system:

# df

output: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 78361192 23185840 51130588 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24797380 22273432 1243972 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29753588 25503792 2713984 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 295561 21531 258770 8% /boot tmpfs 257476 0 257476 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-2:

Displays information of dummy file systems along with all the file system disk usage and their memory utilization:

# df -a

output: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 78361192 23186116 51130312 32% / proc 0 0 0 - /proc sysfs 0 0 0 - /sys devpts 0 0 0 - /dev/pts /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24797380 22273432 1243972 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29753588 25503792 2713984 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 295561 21531 258770 8% /boot tmpfs 257476 0 257476 0% /dev/shm none 0 0 0 - /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc sunrpc 0 0 0 - /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs

EXAMPLE-3:

Display sizes in Human Readable formats:

# df -h

output:
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 75G 23G 49G 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24G 22G 1.2G 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29G 25G 2.6G 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 289M 22M 253M 8% /boot tmpfs 252M 0 252M 0% /dev/shm# df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 75G 23G 49G 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24G 22G 1.2G 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29G 25G 2.6G 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 289M 22M 253M 8% /boot tmpfs 252M 0 252M 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-4:

To see the information of only device /home file system in human readable format:

# df -hT /home

output: Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 ext3 24G 22G 1.2G 95% /home

EXAMPLE-5:

To display all file system information and usage in 1024-byte blocks:

# df -k

output: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 78361192 23187212 51129216 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24797380 22273432 1243972 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29753588 25503792 2713984 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 295561 21531 258770 8% /boot tmpfs 257476 0 257476 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-6:

To display information of all file system usage in MB (Mega Byte):

# df -m

output: Filesystem 1M-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 76525 22644 49931 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24217 21752 1215 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29057 24907 2651 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 289 22 253 8% /boot tmpfs 252 0 252 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-7:

To display information of all file system statistics in GB (Gigabyte):

# df -h

output: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 75G 23G 49G 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24G 22G 1.2G 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29G 25G 2.6G 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 289M 22M 253M 8% /boot tmpfs 252M 0 252M 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-8:

Display the information of number of used inodes and their percentage for the file system:

# df -i

output: Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 20230848 133143 20097705 1% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 6403712 798613 5605099 13% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 7685440 1388241 6297199 19% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 76304 40 76264 1% /boot tmpfs 64369 1 64368 1% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-9:

To check the file system type of your system:

# df -T

output: Filesystem Type 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 ext3 78361192 23188812 51127616 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 ext3 24797380 22273432 1243972 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 ext3 29753588 25503792 2713984 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 ext3 295561 21531 258770 8% /boot tmpfs tmpfs 257476 0 257476 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-10:

To display certain file system type, For example, the following command will only display ext3 file system:

# df -t ext3

output: Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 78361192 23190072 51126356 32% / /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 24797380 22273432 1243972 95% /home /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 29753588 25503792 2713984 91% /data /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 295561 21531 258770 8% /boot

EXAMPLE-11:

To display file system type that doesn’t belongs to ext3 type :

# df -x ext3

output:
Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on tmpfs 257476 0 257476 0% /dev/shm

EXAMPLE-12:

Displays a list of available option that are used with df command:

# df --help
Usage: df [OPTION]... [FILE]...
Show information about the file system on which each FILE resides,
or all file systems by default.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-a, --all             include dummy file systems
-B, --block-size=SIZE use SIZE-byte blocks
-h, --human-readable  print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)
-H, --si              likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024
-i, --inodes          list inode information instead of block usage
-k                    like --block-size=1K
-l, --local           limit listing to local file systems
--no-sync         do not invoke sync before getting usage info (default)
-P, --portability     use the POSIX output format
--sync            invoke sync before getting usage info
-t, --type=TYPE       limit listing to file systems of type TYPE
-T, --print-type      print file system type
-x, --exclude-type=TYPE   limit listing to file systems not of type TYPE
-v                    (ignored)
--help     display this help and exit
--version  output version information and exit
SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one of following:
kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.
Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

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