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cp - Unix, Linux Command

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cp - copy files and directories




Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

-a, --archive
  same as -dR --preserve=all
  make a backup of each existing destination file
-b like --backup but does not accept an argument
  copy contents of special files when recursive
-d same as --no-dereference --preserve=link
-f, --force
  if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it and try again
-i, --interactive
  prompt before overwrite
-H follow command-line symbolic links
-l, --link link files instead of copying
-L, --dereference
  always follow symbolic links
-P, --no-dereference
  never follow symbolic links
-p same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps
  preserve the specified attributes (default: mode,ownership,timestamps), if possible additional attributes: context, links, xattr, all
-c same as --preserve=context
  don’t preserve the specified attributes
  use full source file name under DIRECTORY
-R, -r, --recursive
  copy directories recursively
  remove each existing destination file before attempting to open it (contrast with --force)
  control creation of sparse files
--strip-trailing-slashes remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE
-s, --symbolic-link
  make symbolic links instead of copying
-S, --suffix=SUFFIX
  override the usual backup suffix
-t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
  copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
-T, --no-target-directory
  treat DEST as a normal file
-u, --update
  copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination file or when the destination file is missing
-v, --verbose
  explain what is being done
-x, --one-file-system
  stay on this file system
-Z, --context=CONTEXT
  set security context of copy to CONTEXT
--help display this help and exit
  output version information and exit
By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well. That is the behavior selected by --sparse=auto. Specify --sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes. Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of sparse files.
The backup suffix is ‘~’, unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
none, off
  never make backups (even if --backup is given)
numbered, t
  make numbered backups
existing, nil
  numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
simple, never
  always make simple backups
As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.


Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.


Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.


Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info cp
should give you access to the complete manual.

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