Tutorials Point


  Unix for Beginners
  Unix Shell Programming
  Advanced Unix
  Unix Useful References
  Unix Useful Resources
  Selected Reading

Copyright © 2014 by tutorialspoint



  Home     References     Discussion Forums     About TP  

sysctl - Unix, Linux Command


previous next AddThis Social Bookmark Button


Advertisements

NAME

sysctl - configure kernel parameters at runtime

SYNOPSIS

sysctl [-n] [-e] variable ...
sysctl [-n] [-e] [-q] -w variable=value ...
sysctl [-n] [-e] [-q] -p <filename>
sysctl [-n] [-e] -a
sysctl [-n] [-e] -A

DESCRIPTION

sysctl is used to modify kernel parameters at runtime. The parameters available are those listed under /proc/sys/. Procfs is required for sysctl(8) support in Linux. You can use sysctl(8) to both read and write sysctl data.

PARAMETERS

TagDescription
variable
  The name of a key to read from. An example is kernel.ostype. The ’/’ separator is also accepted in place of a ’.’.
variable=value
  To set a key, use the form variable=value, where variable is the key and value is the value to set it to. If the value contains quotes or characters which are parsed by the shell, you may need to enclose the value in double quotes. This requires the -w parameter to use.
-n Use this option to disable printing of the key name when printing values.
-e Use this option to ignore errors about unknown keys.
-N Use this option to only print the names. It may be useful with shells that have programmable completion.
-q Use this option to not display the values set to stdout.
-w Use this option when you want to change a sysctl setting.
-p Load in sysctl settings from the file specified or /etc/sysctl.conf if none given. Specifying - as filename means reading data from standard input.
-a Display all values currently available. Please see the NOTES.
-A Same as -a

EXAMPLES

TagDescription
/sbin/sysctl -a
/sbin/sysctl -n kernel.hostname
/sbin/sysctl -w kernel.domainname="example.com"
/sbin/sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf
 

NOTES

Avoid using the -a and -A options if possible. Using these options may result in kernel warnings about using a deprecated sysctl.

Also please note that modules loaded after sysctl is run may override the settings (example: sunrpc.* settings are overridden when the sunrpc module is loaded). This may cause some confusion during boot when the settings in sysctl.conf may be overriden. To prevent such a situation, sysctl must be run after the particular module is loaded (e.g., from /etc/rc.d/rc.local or by using the install directive in modprobe.conf)

FILES

/proc/sys /etc/sysctl.conf

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

George Staikos, <staikos@0wned.org>



previous next Printer Friendly

Advertisements


  

Advertisements