date - Unix, Linux Command


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NAME

date - To display or change the date.

SYNOPSIS

cut [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

'date' with no arguments prints the current time and date, in the format of the %c directive (described below). If given an argument that starts with a +, date prints the current time and date (or the time and date specified by the --date option, see below) in the format defined by that argument, which is the same as in the strftime function.Except for directives, which start with %, characters in the format string are printed unchanged. The directives are described below.

OPTIONS

TagDescription
-d, --date=StringDisplay time described by String, instead of 'now'. this can be in almost any common format. It can contain month names, timezones, 'am' and 'pm', 'yesterday', 'ago', 'next', etc.
-f, --file=DateFilelike --date once for each line of DateFile. If DateFile is '-', use standard input. This is useful when you have many dates to process, because the system overhead of starting up the 'date' executable many times can be considerable.
-I, --iso-8601[=Timespec]Output an ISO 8601 compliant date/time string., '%Y-%m-%d'. Timespec='date' (or missing) for date only, 'hours', 'minutes', or 'seconds' for date and time to the indicated precision. If showing any time terms, then include the time zone using the format '%z'. If '--utc' is also specified, use '%Z' in place of '%z'.
-r, --reference=FileDisplay the last modification time of File.
-R, --rfc-822Output RFC-822 compliant date string. Example: Mon, 19 Nov 2012 12:44:56 -0600.
-s, --set=StringSet time described by String (see -d above)
-u, --utc, --universalPrint or set Coordinated Universal Time
--helpDisplay this help and exit
--versionOutput version information and exit

Format controls the output as follows. The only valid option for the second form (MMDDhhmm[[CC]YY][.ss])will specify Coordinated Universal Time. Interpreted sequences are:

Date:
   D    Date in mm/dd/yy format (06/24/13)
   x    Date in standard format for locale 
   (09/24/13 for English-US)

Year:
   C   Century (20 for 2015)
   Y   Year in 4-digit format (2015)
   y   Year in 2-digit format (14)
   G   Same as 'Y'
   g   Same as 'y'

Month: 
   b   Month name - abbreviated (Jan)
   B   Month name - full (January)
   h   Same as 'b'
   m   Month number (09)

Week:
   W  Week of the year (00-52)

   V  Week of the year (01-53)
      If the week containing January 1 has four or more days 
	  in the new year, then it is considered week 1; 
	  otherwise, it is week 53 of the previous year, 
	  and the next week is week 1. Similar to ISO 8601 
	  (but not 100% compliant.)
   U  Same as 'W'

Day:
   a   Day of the week - abbreviated name (Mon)
   A   Day of the week - full name (Monday)
   u   Day of the week - number (Monday = 1)
   d   Day of the month - 2 digits (05)
   e   Day of the month - digit preceded by a space ( 5)
   j   Day of the year - (1-366)
   w   Same as 'u'

Time:
   p   AM or PM
   r   Time in 12-hour format (09:15:36 AM)
   R   Time in 24-hour format - no seconds (17:45)
   T   Time in 24 hour format (17:45:52)
   X   Same as 'T'
   Z   Time offset from UTC (-07) This generally consists 
   of Time Zone+DST

Hour: 
   H   Hour in 24-hour format (17)
   I   Hour in 12 hour format (05)
   k   Same as 'H'
   l   Same as 'I' (Upper-case I = Lower-case L)

Minutes & Seconds:
   M   Minutes (35)
   S   Seconds (05)
   s   Seconds elapsed since January 1, 1970 00:00:00 
   GMT (Unix time)

Here are the same format codes in alphabetical order:

%%   a literal %
%a   locale's abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)
%A   locale's full weekday name, variable length 
(Sunday..Saturday)
%b   locale's abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)
%B   locale's full month name, variable length 
(January..December)
%c   locale's date and time (Sat Nov 04 12:02:33 EST 1989)
%d   day of month (01..31)
%D   date (mm/dd/yy)
%e   day of month, blank padded ( 1..31)
%h   same as %b, locale's abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)
%H   hour :24 hour(00..23)
%I   hour :12 hour(01..12)
%j   day of year (001..366)
%k   hour :24 hour(00..23)
%l   hour :12 hour(01..12)
%m   month (01..12)
%M   minute (00..59)
%n   a newline
%p   locale's AM or PM
%r   Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss [AP]M)
%s   Seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00,  
(a GNU extension). Note that this value is defined by the 
localtime system call.  It isn't changed by the '--date' option.
%S   second (00..60)
%t   a horizontal tab
%T   Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)
%U   Week number of year with Sunday as first day of week 
(00..53)
%V   Week number of year with Monday as first day of week 
(01..53). 
If the week containing January 1 has four or more days
 in the new year, 
then it is considered week 1; otherwise, it is week 53 of the 
previous year, and the next week is week 1. Similar to ISO 8601 
(but not 100% compliant.)
%w   day of week (0..6);  0 represents Sunday
%W   week number of year with Monday as first day of week (00..53)
%x   locale's date representation (mm/dd/yy)
%X   locale's time representation (%H:%M:%S)
%y   last two digits of year (00..99)
%Y   year (1970...)
%z   RFC-822 style numeric timezone (-0500) 
(a nonstandard extension). 
This value reflects the current time zone. Is not changed 
by the --date option. 
%Z   Time offset from UTC (-07) This generally consists 
of Time Zone+DST Is not changed by the --date option.

Setting the time

If given an argument that does not start with +, date sets the system clock to the time and date specified by that argument (as described below). You must have appropriate privileges to set the system clock. The --date and --set options can not be used with such an argument. The --universal option can be used with such an argument to indicate that the specified time and date are relative to Coordinated Universal Time rather than to the local time zone. The argument must consist entirely of digits, which have the following meaning:

MM     month
DD     day within month
HH     hour
MM     minute
CC     first two digits of year (optional)
YY     last two digits of year (optional)
SS     second (optional) 

The '--set' option also sets the system clock; see the examples below.

EXAMPLES

To print the date of the day before yesterday.

$ date --date='2 days ago'

To rename a file with the current date and time.

$ STAMPME=$HOME/sample_$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M).txt
$ mv $HOME/sample.txt $STAMPME

To print the date of the day three months and one day hence.

$ date --date='3 months 1 day'

To print the day of year of Christmas in the current year.

$ date --date='25 Dec' +%j

To print the current full month name and the day of the month.

$ date '+%B %d'

To print a date without the leading zero for one-digit days of the month, you can use the (GNU extension) '-' modifier to suppress the padding altogether.

$ date -d=1may '+%B %-d'

To print the current date and time in the format required by many non-GNU versions of 'date' when setting the system clock.

$ date +%m%d%H%M%Y.%S

To set the system date and time.

$ date --set="2016-1-20 11:59 AM" 

To set the system clock forward by two minutes.

$ date --set='+2 minutes'

To print the date in the format specified by RFC-822 (day month year hh:mm:ss zzz).

$ date --rfc

To convert a date string to the number of seconds since the epoch 1970-01-01 00:00:00 GMT

$ date --date='2000-01-01 00:00:01 UTC +5 hours' +%s
946706400

To convert a date string to the number of seconds since the epoch 1970-01-01 00:00:00 local zone

$ date --date='2000-01-01 00:00:01' +%s
946684800

To convert a number of seconds back to a more readable date

$ date -d '1970-01-01 946684800 sec' +"%Y-%m-%d %T %z"
2000-01-01 00:00:00 +0000


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