ReactJS - Props Overview


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The main difference between state and props is that props are immutable. This is why the container component should define the state that can be updated and changed, while the child components should only pass data from the state using props.

Using Props

When we need immutable data in our component, we can just add props to reactDOM.render() function in main.js and use it inside our component.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>{this.props.headerProp}</h1>
            <h2>{this.props.contentProp}</h2>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

export default App;

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App headerProp = "Header from props..." contentProp = "Content
   from props..."/>, document.getElementById('app'));

export default App;

This will produce the following result.

React Props Example

Default Props

You can also set default property values directly on the component constructor instead of adding it to the reactDom.render() element.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>{this.props.headerProp}</h1>
            <h2>{this.props.contentProp}</h2>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

App.defaultProps = {
   headerProp: "Header from props...",
   contentProp:"Content from props..."
}

export default App;

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App/>, document.getElementById('app'));

Output is the same as before.

React Props Example

State and Props

The following example shows how to combine state and props in your app. We are setting the state in our parent component and passing it down the component tree using props. Inside the render function, we are setting headerProp and contentProp used in child components.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
   constructor(props) {
      super(props);
		
      this.state = {
         header: "Header from props...",
         "content": "Content from props..."
      }
   }
	
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <Header headerProp = {this.state.header}/>
            <Content contentProp = {this.state.content}/>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Header extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>{this.props.headerProp}</h1>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Content extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h2>{this.props.contentProp}</h2>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

export default App;

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App/>, document.getElementById('app'));

The result will again be the same as in the previous two examples, the only thing that is different is the source of our data, which is now originally coming from the state. When we want to update it, we just need to update the state, and all child components will be updated. More on this in the Events chapter.

React Props Example

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