ReactJS - Components


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In this chapter, we will learn how to combine components to make the app easier to maintain. This approach allows to update and change your components without affecting the rest of the page.

Stateless Example

Our first component in the following example is App. This component is owner of Header and Content. We are creating Header and Content separately and just adding it inside JSX tree in our App component. Only App component needs to be exported.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <Header/>
            <Content/>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Header extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>Header</h1>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Content extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h2>Content</h2>
            <p>The content text!!!</p>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

export default App;

To be able to render this on the page, we need to import it in main.js file and call reactDOM.render(). We already did this while setting the environment.

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('app'));

The above code will generate the following result.

React Component Stateless

Stateful Example

In this example, we will set the state for owner component (App). The Header component is just added like in the last example since it doesn't need any state. Instead of content tag, we are creating table and tbody elements, where we will dynamically insert TableRow for every object from the data array.

It can be seen that we are using EcmaScript 2015 arrow syntax () which looks much cleaner than the old JavaScript syntax. This will help us create our elements with fewer lines of code. It is especially useful when we need to create a list with a lot of items.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
   constructor() {
      super();
		
      this.state = {
         data: 
         [
            {
               "id":1,
               "name":"Foo",
               "age":"20"
            },
				
            {
               "id":2,
               "name":"Bar",
               "age":"30"
            },
				
            {
               "id":3,
               "name":"Baz",
               "age":"40"
            }
         ]
      }
   }
	
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <Header/>
            <table>
               <tbody>
                  {this.state.data.map((person, i) => <TableRow key = {i} 
                     data = {person} />)}
               </tbody>
            </table>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Header extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>Header</h1>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class TableRow extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <tr>
            <td>{this.props.data.id}</td>
            <td>{this.props.data.name}</td>
            <td>{this.props.data.age}</td>
         </tr>
      );
   }
}

export default App;

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App/>, document.getElementById('app'));

Note − Notice that we are using key = {i} inside map() function. This will help React to update only the necessary elements instead of re-rendering the entire list when something changes. It is a huge performance boost for larger number of dynamically created elements.

React Component Statefull

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