ReactJS - Component Life Cycle


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In this tutorial we will go through component lifecycle methods.

Lifecycle Methods

  • componentWillMount is executed before rendering, on both server and client side.

  • componentDidMount is executed after first render only on the client side. This is where AJAX requests and DOM or state updates should occur. This method is also used for integration with other JavaScript frameworks and any functions with delayed execution like setTimeout or setInterval. We are using it to update the state so we can trigger the other lifecycle methods.

  • componentWillReceiveProps is invoked as soon as the props are updated before another render is called. We triggered it from setNewNumber when we updated the state.

  • shouldComponentUpdate should return true or false value. This will determine if component will be updated or not. This is set to true by default. If you are sure that component doesn't need to render after state or props are updated, you can return false value.

  • componentWillUpdate is called just before rendering.

  • componentDidUpdate is called just after rendering.

  • componentWillUnmount is called after the component is unmounted from the dom. We are unmounting our component in main.js.

In our example we are setting initial state in constructor function. The setNewnumber is used to update the state. All the lifecycle methods are inside Content component.

App.jsx

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {

   constructor(props) {
      super(props);
		
      this.state = {
         data: 0
      }

      this.setNewNumber = this.setNewNumber.bind(this)
   };

   setNewNumber() {
      this.setState({data: this.state.data + 1})
   }

   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <button onClick = {this.setNewNumber}>INCREMENT</button>
            <Content myNumber = {this.state.data}></Content>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Content extends React.Component {

   componentWillMount() {
      console.log('Component WILL MOUNT!')
   }

   componentDidMount() {
      console.log('Component DID MOUNT!')
   }

   componentWillReceiveProps(newProps) {    
      console.log('Component WILL RECIEVE PROPS!')
   }

   shouldComponentUpdate(newProps, newState) {
      return true;
   }

   componentWillUpdate(nextProps, nextState) {
      console.log('Component WILL UPDATE!');
   }

   componentDidUpdate(prevProps, prevState) {
      console.log('Component DID UPDATE!')
   }

   componentWillUnmount() {
      console.log('Component WILL UNMOUNT!')
   }
	
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h3>{this.props.myNumber}</h3>
         </div>
      );
   }
}

export default App;

main.js

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import App from './App.jsx';

ReactDOM.render(<App/>, document.getElementById('app'));

setTimeout(() => {
   ReactDOM.unmountComponentAtNode(document.getElementById('app'));}, 10000);

After the initial render, we will get the following screen.

React Component Lifecycle Initial Screen

Only componentWillMount and componentDidMount will be logged in console since we didn't update anything yet.

React Component Lifecycle Initial Log

When we click INCREMENT button, the update will occur and other lifecycle methods will be triggered.

React Component Lifecycle Change Log

After ten seconds, the component will unmount and the last event will be logged in console.

React Component Lifecycle Unmount Log

NOTE

Lifecycle methods will always be invoked in the same order so it is good practice to write it in the correct order as we showed in example.



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