Current Affairs November 2019 - Bills & Acts


1 - Parliament passed the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Jallianwala Bagh

The Parliament has passed the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill seeks to amend the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951. It has a provision to remove the President of the Congress party as a trustee and clarifies that when there is no Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, the leader of the single largest Opposition party will be the trustee.

The Bill also allows the Central government to terminate the term of a nominated trustee before the expiry of the period of his term, without assigning any reason.

2 - Cabinet approved Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Taxation Laws

The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for introducing the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019 in order to replace the Ordinance. The government had passed the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019 (the Ordinance) in September, 2019 in order to provide stimulus to the economy through certain amendments in the corporate tax rule.

The major amendments made were:

  • existing domestic company may opt to pay tax at 22% plus surcharge at 10% and cess at 4%, if it does not claim any incentive/deduction.

  • domestic manufacturing company set up on or after 1st October, 2019 and which commences manufacturing by 31st March, 2023, may opt to pay tax at 15% plus surcharge at 10% and cess at 4% if it does not claim any incentive/deduction.

3 - Cabinet approved proposal for recycling of ships Bill

Ships Bill

The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for enactment of Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 and accession to the Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009.

The proposed bill will restrict and prohibit the use or installation of hazardous material, which applies irrespective of whether a ship is meant for recycling or not. For new ships, such restriction or prohibition on use of hazardous material will be immediate, that is, from the date the legislation comes into force, while existing ships shall have a period of five years for compliance.

4 - Cabinet approved financial services centres authority Bill 2019 in Lok Sabha

Union Cabinet

The Union Cabinet approved for withdrawing of the International Financial Services Centres Authority, 2019 Bill which was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 12th February, 2019 and pending in the Rajya Sabha and introducing it in the Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha Secretariat had conveyed that this is a Finance Bill under Article 117(1) of the Constitution and that it should be introduced in Lok Sabha accordingly.

The government will set up a unified regulator for International Financial Services Centres. Currently, the banking, capital markets and insurance sectors in IFSC are regulated by multiple regulators-the RBI, SEBI and IRDAI.

5 - Cabinet approved the Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019

Industrial Relations

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for introduction of the Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019 in the Parliament. The Bill proposes to amalgamate The Trade Unions Act, 1926, The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, and The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.

The Bill presents the legal framework for ushering in the concept of ‘fixed-term employment’ through contract workers on a pan-India basis. Companies will be able to hire workers directly under a fixed-term contract. The threshold required for government permission for retrenchment has been kept unchanged at 100 employees.

6 - Cabinet approved bill to grant ownership rights to residents of Delhi's unauthorised colonies

Unauthorised Colonies

The Union Cabinet has approved a bill which provides for a legal framework to grant ownership rights to nearly 40 lakh people living in unauthorised colonies in Delhi.

The National Capital Territory of Delhi (Recognition of Property Rights of Residents in Unauthorised Colonies) Bill, 2019 will allow registration of properties and provide certain relief to the residents of 1731 unauthorised colonies in the city from registration charges and stamp duty. The proposed bill also aims at recognising GPA, Will, Agreement to Sell, Purchase and Possession Documents, which will be a one-time relaxation for this purpose.

7 - Lok Sabha passed the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Bill, 2019

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha passed the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019. This would bring about administrative convenience, speedy development and effective implementation of central and state government schemes. The merged entity would be governed under the jurisdiction of the Bombay High Court.

The Bill provided for better delivery of services to the citizens of both Union territories by improving efficiency and reduction in paper work; reduction in administrative expenditure; bringing uniformity in policies and schemes.