Current Affairs Feb 2018 - International
1 - Sri Lanka celebrated its 70th Independence Day
Sri Lanka celebrated its 70th Independence Day with theme "One Nation". In 1948, Sri Lanka achieved freedom from British rule. Britain's Queen, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and the Countess of Wessex were invited as guests to the celebration. Celebrations took place in the presence of President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe.
President Maithripala Sirisena hoisted the National flag. Parades, cultural programmes, shows by students and civil organizations took place.
2 - Mahmud Hossain selected as new Chief Justice of Bangladesh
Former judge of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court, Justice Syed Mahmud Hossain was selected as new Chief Justice of Bangladesh. He has served as an advocate of the District Court and the High Court Division of Bangladesh Supreme Court in 1981 and 1983 respectively. Justice Syed will be known as the 22nd chief justice of Bangladesh.
The other three Appellate Division judges comprise of Justice Muhammad Imman Ali, Justice Hasan Foez Siddique and Justice Mirza Hussain Haider.
3 - KP Sharma Oli becomes Nepal's new Prime Minister
The Communist Party of Nepal (UML) Chairman KP Sharma Oli has become new Prime Minister of Nepal. President Bidya Devi Bhandari administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr. Oli. This is the second time Mr. Oli has become the prime minister. He had served as prime minister from October 2015 to August 2016.
Nepali Congress President Sher Bahadur Deuba resigned from the post of prime minister to pave the way for formation of a new government as per the people's mandate in recent elections.
4 - Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades got re-elected
Nicos Anastasiades won Presidential elections for consecutive 2nd term in Cyprus. He defeated leftist challenger Stavros Malas. Nicos won elections by 55.99% votes against 44% votes of Malas. In the 1st round of voting, Anastasiades won 35.5% of votes against 30.2% of Malas. Nicos Anastasiades won elections on basis of economic co-operation instead of reunification talks.
Nicos Anastasiades won elections by taking credit of recovery of Cyprus from the crisis in 2013.
5 - Google launched ‘#SecurityCheckKiya’ campaign
In order to promote security awareness among general public and introduce Safer Internet Day targets, Google launched #SecurityCheckKiya campaign on Safer Internet Day, observed on February 6, by displaying ‘Security Check’ on its homepage.
#SecurityCheckKiya campaign is aimed at protecting beginners from account hijacking, safeguard Android devices from viral apps and secure all their personal data on losing devices. Under this campaign, an app was launched "Find My Device" for those whose device is lost.
6 - Sweden and WFP signed agreement of $370m aid to UN World Food Programme
The Swedish Government and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) signed a Strategic Partnership Agreement, with Sweden making a historic commitment of approximately US$370 million in flexible funds to WFP over the next four years (2018 to 2021). The contribution is the largest ever made by a donor within a WFP Strategic Partnership Agreement.
For nearly a decade, Sweden has been the largest donor of flexible funds to WFP.
7 - US House passed stopgap-spending bill to avert shutdown
In the United States, House of Representatives has approved another stopgap bill to keep the federal government from shutting down. The Republican-controlled House sent to the Senate a temporary spending bill - the fifth of the federal fiscal year that began in October to extend most federal agency funding until March 23.
The bill does not contain changes to U.S. immigration law. January's shutdown came about after Democrats insisted that any spending bill must also include protections for young immigrants known as "Dreamers," who were brought to the country illegally as children.
8 - Maldives government announced state of emergency
Since, Maldives president Abdulla Yameen faced arrest due to political crisis that followed a surprise Supreme Court ruling and armed troops stormed the country's apex court, country declared a state of emergency for 15 days. Under emergency, certain rights will be restricted, general movements, services and businesses will not be affected.
Former Maldives President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom also got arrested, after the state of emergency was declared. The Maldives government has come under criticism globally for its refusal to obey the court order.
9 - Sushma Swaraj witnessed Al-Janadriyah fest
Indian external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj attended 32nd Al-Janadriyah festival in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and discussed impetus of growth of relations between both the countries. India was invited as Guest of Honour’ at the festival. Al-Janadriyah festival is national heritage and cultural festival’ of Saudi Arabia.
India Pavilion was showcased at the festival based on theme "Saudi ka Dost Bharat”. The Pavilion displayed India’s vibrant culture through colourful dance, music, traditional strengths like Yoga, Ayurveda, textiles and tourism.
10 - Dubai International Airport held No 1 position as the world’s busiest airport
With 88.2 million passengers in 2017, Dubai International Airport has retained its No 1 ranking as the world’s busiest airport for international travel. London Heathrow was second in the list.
DIA first reached the top of the rankings in 2014 when it pipped off London Heathrow and has maintained the title ever since. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Georgia remains the world’s busiest airport overall. Hong Kong International Airport, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport are the others in the top-five.
11 - Bermuda became the first nation to repeal same-sex marriage law
Bermuda became the first counry in the world to abolish same-sex marriage rights for its citizens. Bermudans were first granted the right to same-sex marriages after a Supreme Court ruling in May 2017.
The bill was approved by Bermuda’s governor John Rankin. The bill will not roll back same-sex marriages that have already taken place. Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has its own constitution and its own government. However, the United Kingdom retains responsibility for defence and foreign relations.
12 - PM Modi addressed World Government Summit in Dubai
Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered the keynote address at the inaugural day of the World Government Summit in Dubai. India was given the status of Guest of Honour at the Summit. The World Government Summit is an annual event held in Dubai, UAE.
On the final day, India’s Umang won the winner of the Best m-Government Service Award for the Accessible Government Category. India’s Aadhaar was awarded as the Best Government Emerging Technologies Award. The winner of the Global Universities Challenge was the London Business School.
13 - India retained top spot as source market for Dubai Tourism in 2017
According to the latest data published by Dubai’s Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing (Dubai Tourism), 2.1 million Indian tourists visited Dubai in 2017 with a 15% growth as compared to last year. India, thus, retained the top spot as the source market.
India also became the first country to cross the 2 million mark in a single year. Shah Rukh Khan promotes Dubai Tourism's 'BeMyGuest' campaign. A total of 15.79 million tourists visited Dubai last year.
14 - PM Modi laid foundation stone for first Hindu temple in Abu Dhabi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone-laying ceremony for the first Hindu temple in Abu Dhabi. This is the first stone temple to be built in Abu Dhabi. It will come up on 55,000 square metres of land.
The temple will be completed by 2020. The UAE government had allocated land for the temple during PM Modi’s first visit to the gulf country in 2015.
15 - World's 1st Autonomous Pods launched in Dubai
Dubai’s Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) has launched the first tests of the world’s first autonomous pods at the World Government Summit. The autonomous pods are designed in cooperation with Next Future Transportation to travel short and medium distances in dedicated lanes.
Each pod can accommodate ten riders. Its average speed is 20k/h. It is fitted with a battery that supports 3 hours of operation, and can be fully charged in 6 hours.
16 - China to host SCO summit in Qingdao in June
China will host the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in June 2018 in Qingdao City. The 2017 SCO summit was held in Astana, Kazakhstan.
The summit has China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan as full members. India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 in the last summit. The SCO focuses on security- related issues of the region especially on counter terrorism cooperation.
17 - Venezuela, Libya lose UN Vote for third time in 3 Years
Venezuela and Libya have been suspended from voting in the United Nations General Assembly for the third time in three years because of millions of dollars in unpaid dues to the United Nations.
Venezuela must pay a minimum of $25,200,296 to restore its voting rights and Libya must pay at least $6,594,842. The other countries that also lost their voting rights are Central African Republic (CAR), Dominican Republic, Dominica, Marshall Islands, Grenada, Surinam and Yemen.
18 - Cyril Ramaphosa appointed as the New President of South Africa
Cyril Ramaphosa was sworn in as the new President of South Africa. He replaced Jacob Zuma who resigned. Ramaphosa was chosen as leader of the African National Congress in December.
Ramaphosa is one of South Africa's richest men, with an estimated net worth of $450 million. He rose to prominence as a young man fighting the white-minority apartheid regime in the 1970s and 1980s.
19 - Indonesia signed deal to buy 11 Sukhoi Su-35 jets from Russia
Indonesia has signed a deal to buy 11 Sukhoi Su-35 jets from Russia. The deal is worth a total 1.14 billion dollars.
Two units of Sukhoi jets will be delivered in August 2018. Another six jets would be delivered in 18 months after the contract comes into effect and the final three a further five months later. The Su-35 is a 4++ generation aircraft employing technologies of the fifth generation. They make it superior to all other 4th generation fighters now under development worldwide.
20 - Saudi Arabia allows women to start business without male permission
Saudi Arabia has allowed its women citizen to open their own businesses without the consent of a husband or male relative. Women can also benefit from governmental e-services without having to prove consent from a guardian.
Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male guardian to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has been leading the drive to expand the role of women in the workforce in recent months.
21 - Pakistan to deploy troops in Saudi Arabia
Pakistan will deploy troops in Saudi Arabia under an existing security pact on training and advise mission. Already around 1,000 Pakistani troops are deployed in Saudi Arabia.
The Pakistan Parliament had voted in 2015 not to send soldiers to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in order to avoid Pakistan's involvement in the Yemen conflict. Saudi Arabia has launched operations to support forces loyal to Yemen's UN-recognised President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi against a Houthi rebellion.
22 - Pakistan is home to the highest newborn mortality rates in the world
According to a report released by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Pakistan is home to the highest newborn mortality rates in the world. Pakistan topped the poll, with 45 newborn babies dying out of every 1,000 births in 2016. Newborn mortality rate in the Central African Republic was 42 newborn deaths, followed by Afghanistan with 40 and Somalia with 38.
Japan's newborn mortality rate was among the lowest in the world, with 0.9 deaths for every 1,000 live births. India's neonatal mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) is 25.4.
23 - UN names India as Global Host for the World Environment Day 2018
The United Nations has nominated India to host the global World Environment Day celebrations on 5 June 2018. The theme of the World Environment 2018 is “Beat Plastic Pollution”.
Every year the world uses 500 billion plastic bags. Each year, at least 8 million tonnes of plastic end up in the oceans. Plastic makes up 10% of all of the waste we generate. We buy 1 million plastic bottles every minute.
24 - Singapore to impose carbon tax from 2019
Singapore will impose a carbon tax from 2019 in order help curb greenhouse gas emissions and make companies more competitive. The tax would be levied on all facilities producing 25,000 tonnes or more of greenhouse gas emissions a year.
The tax, to be applied to all sectors, will be Sg$5.0 ($3.8) per tonne of greenhouse gas emissions from 2019 to 2023, after which the levy would be reviewed and may be raised to between Sg$10 and Sg$15 per tonne by 2030.
25 - Cobra Gold Military Exercise held in Thailand
The 37th Cobra Gold Exercise was held in Thailand. A total of 11,075 Thai, U.S., Malaysian, Singaporean, Indonesian, Japanese and South Korean soldiers participated in the exercise.
The annual exercise includes the Command Post Exercise, the Field Training Exercise and the Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief Exercise. Cobra Gold is the largest Asia-Pacific military exercise and is among the largest multinational military exercise in which the United States participates.
26 - Google launched Google Pay
Google has launched Google Pay after combining its two payment services, Google Wallet and Android Pay. The platform includes features like the ability to pay at checkout counters with a smartphone or pay for public transportation.
Google Pay has two areas: Home section and Cards section. Home section shows recent transactions and makes suggestions on local stores while Cards section is for storing digital versions of credit, debit, and reward cards.
27 - India International Textiles Expo held in Colombo
Powerloom Development & Export Promotion Council (PDEXCIL) in union with Union Ministry of Textiles & Ministry of Commerce & Industry organized India International Textiles Expo (IITExpo) of India in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Various varieties of fabrics, home textiles, traditional items etc. suitable for apparel, industrial, technical application and general consumers was showcased at the event by 45 Indian exhibitors.
Sri Lanka has been buying textile material from India and transforming it into apparel and garments for rest of the world and has attended trainings under Indian Technical & Economic Cooperation (ITEC) programme.
28 - India contributes $1 million for cyclone-hit Tonga
India has contributed $1 million for relief efforts in the Pacific Ocean kingdom of Tonga. Tonga was hit badly by cyclone Gita that affected about 70% of Tonga’s population. The nation’s parliament was also destroyed by the storm.
Of the total $1 million, $500,000 would be given as immediate relief to Tonga and another $500,000 would be allocated to it from the India-UN Development Partnership Fund (I-UNDPF). Tonga’s Prime Minister is Akilisi Pohiva.