Antennas have to be classified to understand their physical structure and functionality more clearly. There are many types of antennas depending upon the applications applications.
|Type of antenna||Examples||Applications|
|Wire Antennas||Dipole antenna, Monopole antenna, Helix antenna, Loop antenna||Personal applications, buildings, ships, automobiles, space crafts|
|Aperture Antennas||Waveguide (opening), Horn antenna||Flush-mounted applications, air-craft, space craft|
|Reflector Antennas||Parabolic reflectors, Corner reflectors||Microwave communication, satellite tracking, radio astronomy|
|Lens Antennas||Convex-plane, Concave-plane, Convex-convex, Concaveconcave lenses||Used for very highfrequency applications|
|Micro strip Antennas||Circular-shaped, Rectangularshaped metallic patch above the ground plane||Air-craft, space-craft, satellites, missiles, cars, mobile phones etc.|
|Array Antennas||Yagi-Uda antenna, Micro strip patch array, Aperture array, Slotted wave guide array||Used for very high gain applications, mostly when needs to control the radiation pattern|
Let us discuss the above-mentioned types of antennas in detail, in the coming chapters.