SAP SCM - Transportation Management
This component is used under Advanced Planning and Optimization to plan and execute complete company transportation process. This is managed using Transportation Planning/Vehicle Scheduling component
In SAP R/3 system, all sales orders, purchase orders, returns, and deliveries that you create, are transferred to APO using Core Interface. The result of TP/VS planning are planned shipments that have to be transferred to R/# system. The Logistic Execution component is used for execution of transportation.
To perform shipment monitoring, you can use Event management.
To perform transportation process, you have to perform −
Integration of master data
You create master data that is required for transportation management in SAP R/3 and this data is transferred to APO using Core Interface. Following master data can be created in R/3 system −
You have to define an address and this address is used by Advanced Planning and Optimization system for transportation.
To use shipping points as source locations in TP/VS, you have to set Use Shipping Point as Source Location indicator in Customizing for TP/VS as shown below −
Navigate to Production → DRP Distribution Resource Planning → Basic Settings → Basic Settings for Vehicle Scheduling.
Integration of Transaction data
You can also create transaction data for transportation management like- orders in R/# system and this can be moved to APO system using Core interface.
You can create a standard order in SAP Easy access, Logistics → Sales and Distribution → Sales → Order → Create
In the next screen, you have to enter the following fields −
- Order Type
- Sales Organization
- Distribution Channel
- Division, etc.
Custom Settings in APO
For Transportation management, you have to make TP/VS customizing settings in APO system.
Defining publishing-types shipment and delivery
You need to maintain publishing-types shipment and delivery.
To define this, navigate to Integration with SAP Components → Integration of SAP SCM and SAP APO → Basic Settings for Data Transfer → Publication → Maintain Distribution Definition.
To define means of transport system, navigate to master data → Transportation Lane → Maintain means of transport.
To define availability and item of standard optimizers for SAP APO and the access to these optimizers, navigate to Basic settings → Optimization → Basic Functions → Maintain master data for optimization server.