SAP SCM - Master Data

In SAP Supply Chain, the master data contains production process models PPMs, resources, material, and other objects that are required to create supply chain model. Under production process, you have main objects − Bills of Material (BOM), material master, routing and work center.

Master data contains the key properties of these objects like production order, material type, planning requirements, goods issue and goods receipt.

The following types of master data exists under Production process model −

Bills of Material (BOM)

Bills of material master data is related to material requirement planning and provides the list of components to produce the product.

To produce a product with different variants, you can create super Bills of Material that has list of components to manufacture different variants of a product and selection of component depends on details mentioned in planning order. You can create up to 99 Bills of Material.

Step 1 − For Bills of Material master, use T-Code: CS01 or go to Logistics → Production → Master Data → Bills of Material → Bills of Material → Material BOM → Create

Bills of Material Master Code

Step 2 − Select the following details −

  • Material Mas
  • Plant
  • BOM usage (usage 1 is production)
Create Material BOM

Material Master

Material master contains information related to different material types like finished product, raw material. Material master can be used for identifying a product, purchase material, goods issue or good receipt, MRP and production confirmation.

Step 1 − For Material master data, use T-code: MM01 or go to Logistics → Production → Master Data → Material Master → Material → Create (General) → Immediately

Material Master Data

Step 2 − Enter Industry Sector and Material Type.

Create Material

Work Center

Work center consists of master data related routing of products. It contains data related to scheduling, capacity planning and production costing.

Step 1 − For work center, use T-code: CR01 or go to Logistics → Production → Master Data → Work Centers → Work Center → Create.


Step 2 − Enter the following data −

  • Enter Work center name.
  • Enter Plant name where work center is located.
  • Select Work Center Cat and click the tick mark.
Create Work Center


Routing defines sequence of activities performed at work center. Routing plays an important role in calculating production cost, machine time and labor time.

Step 1 − For Routing Master data, use T-Code: CA01 or go to Logistics → Production → Master Data → Routings → Routing → Standard Routing → Create.

Routing Master Data

Step 2 − Enter Material and Plant and click the Tick mark.

Creating Routing Initial Screen

Master Data Setup for Supply & Demand Propagation

In supply and demand propagation master set up, you have to enter products and locations and assign the location products to a model.

The following master data can be maintained under supply and demand propagation −

  • Product Master

    • Attributes under product master

    • Gross Weight and Unit

    • Volume and Unit

  • Product Location Master

    • Procurement attributes

  • Procurement type − When you select procurement type, you prioritize the various procurement options used in propagation.

  • Goods Receive/Goods Issue

    • Goods receipt time

    • Goods issue time