SAP Solman Interview Questions


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Dear readers, these SAP Solman Interview Questions have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your interview for the subject of SAP Solman. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your interview, normally questions start with some basic concept of the subject and later they continue based on further discussion and what you answer −

SAP Solman is SAP product to provide a centralized, robust solution management product that allows you to manage technical support in distributed environment. It covers all key functions like solution deployment, IT Service Management, Business and Application Operations and continuous maintenance and improvement.

SAP Solman provides integration tools for SAP BASIS Administrators to manage underlying infrastructure and application and business processes. It reduces the amount of effort required to manage the centralized SAP and non-SAP systems.

In a distributed environment, SAP Solution Manager is managing system and SAP applications like- ECC, BI, and Customer Relationship module CRM and also covers the non-SAP system in solution life cycle.

SAP Solution Manager is SAP Solman 7.2.

SAP Solution Manager 7.1 support Package Stack 14

  • New User Interfaces
  • New Release management
  • ITSM and Change Request Management
  • Adapt SAP HANA in your landscape
  • New Process Management
  • Enhanced Cloud Support
  • SAP Solution Manager Operations
  • SAP Engagement and Service Delivery
  • Solution Implementation
  • Template Management
  • Test Management
  • Change Control Management
  • IT Service Management
  • Business processes Operations
  • Application Operations
  • Upgrade and Maintenance

This is used to manage central access to all functions for administrative tasks.

To perform role specific functions, you can use Work Centers in SAP Solution Manager. Work Centers are work environments that allows you to access role specific options. You can access different options like alerts, notifications, messages and reports as per the assigned role.

To run Work Center home screen, use T-Code: SOLMAN_WORKCENTER

Yes, you can also start an individual work center by following Web Dynpro application directly, to open the Incident Management work center, you can open URL −

http://< host >:< port >/sap/bc/webdynpro/sap/ags_work_incident_man?sap-language=EN

In SAP Solman, there can be one user with one or more roles assigned.

In SAP Solman, You can have a role with one or more Work Centers assigned.

Below one opens SAP Solution Manager in a Web Browser.

  • Implementation Project
  • Template Project
  • Optimization Project
  • Upgrade Project
  • Maintenance Project

This is required when you need a project to implement business processes in an SAP landscape.

You can select an existing structure based on business processes or you can also create a new project structure as per the following points −

  • One or more user or partner templates
  • Based on an existing project
  • An existing solution landscape

This is used to create a template that defines the project structure or some part of your project. Templates can also be used in other projects using transporting the template. It is also possible to lock templates against the changes- either completely or partially when they are used in other projects.

SAP Solution manager consists of various infrastructure components- application management solution, and complete IT landscape. The solution discovers - technical monitoring and alerting infrastructure, system landscape information, integration of Solution Manager with SAP IT Infrastructure.

Integration between SAP Solman and IT infrastructure brings more advantages like −

  • You can directly access data from SAP Solution Manager regarding IT Service Management processes.

  • There is linking of Incident, Problem, and Change management to infrastructure information.

  • It provide enhanced monitoring information inside SAP Solution Manager.

  • System Monitoring
  • Connection Monitoring
  • BI Monitoring
  • PI Monitoring
  • End-User-Experience monitoring

In SAP Solution Management infrastructure, you can use Landscape Management Database (LMDB) which is central landscape information repository and it uses the same information as the System Landscape Directory SLD to enter the system information.

LMDB gets all the information from the System Landscape Directory SLD where all the system register itself. Most of the technical systems contains data suppliers that provides direct information to SLD for registration.

The LMDB receives SLD changes automatically when a change occurs, using polling by LMDB, or active change notifications by the SLD.

  • BluePrint Structure
  • Business Process Group
  • Associated Items
  • Business Scenarios
  • Blueprint document

You can use various work modes in SAP Solution Manager to perform the following activities −

  • Maintenance
  • System Migration
  • Patch upgrades
  • Customizing changes
  • Technical Work mode
  • Business Work Mode

Planning Downtime

Technical work mode is defined as work mode during which the system is technically down and you do not have access. System administrators can use this work mode to perform planned administration tasks that can only be performed during downtime.

Maintenance Mode

Work mode during which the system is technically up and you have no access. System administrators can use this work mode to perform planned administration tasks that can only be performed during maintenance.

The following types of business work modes can be used −

  • Peak Business Hours
  • Non-Peak Business Hours
  • Non-Business Hours

No, to use the Work Mode Management reporting functionalities, Monitoring and Reporting has to be enabled for the managed systems.

SAP_SM_DTM_DISWork Mode Management (Display authorization)
SAP_ITCALENDERDisplay of Work Modes in IT Calendar
SAP_NOTIF_DISPNotification Management
SAP_SMWORK_SYS_ADMINWork Center: Technical Administration
SAP_ITCALENDERDisplay of Work Modes in IT Calendar

You can check all configured Solutions in the system. Using solution, you bundle the system and processes as per the requirement to monitor the operation.

  • IT Service Management
  • System and Business Process Monitoring
  • SAP Engagement
  • Reporting

This directory contains the information about landscape and software component versions. A SAP system can be configured to register under SLD. System Landscape Directory (SLD) manages information about all installable and installed elements of your system landscape.

When your central System Landscape Directory integrated with LMDB doesn’t meet the requirement you can use a local SLD and synchronize it with central SLD.

Technical System TypeSourceEditor
.NET System Manual creation LMDB technical system editor
Apache Tomcat Server SLD data supplier LMDB technical system editor
Application Server ABAP SLD data supplier LMDB technical system editor
Application Server Java SLD data supplier LMDB technical system editor
SAP BusinessObjects Cluster SLD data supplier LMDB technical system editor
SAP Web Dispatcher SLD data supplier LMDB Technical System Editor
SAP HANA Database Either SLD data supplier LMDB technical system editor
Technical System Type Source Editor
Many more

Guided Procedure Authoring provides set of tools- Browser, Guided procedure logbook to create guided procedure for activities that are performed periodically. Guided procedures are executed in different scopes- technical system, host and databases and for different application areas.

Guided procedures in solution Manager can be used to achieve following benefits −

  • To perform complex processes.
  • Business critical processes can be executed with less risk.
  • You can speed up the processes.

GPA can be integrated with different application modules −

  • Business Process Operations
  • Application Operations
  • Message flow monitoring
  • Database Comparison
  • IT Task Management
  • Alerting and Monitoring

Using Transaction code: GPA_ADMIN or from a work center.

This option can be used to alert the customers when new content is available and it also propose to import it.

This tool of GPA is used to view instances, logs, and to export to HTML, and start new instance. You can access Guided Procedure Log from GP Browser for the selected scope and for the selected guided procedure.

You can use filtering section to filter the logs. It is also possible to export the logs to different formats- Excel, HTML, etc.

This tool is used to execute a guided procedure, to check status of execution. When you open a Guided Procedure in GP Browser UI or you can select preview in Guided Procedure Maintenance, it opens the guided procedure runtime UI and you can execute GP.

In SAP Solution Manager, using template management you can create templates at global level – for blueprint documents, business scenarios, and configuration and they can be distributed. The templates can be reused in other projects and solutions.

In SAP Solution Manager, you can perform the test management process centrally and execute tests for cross system business processes.

This allows you to plan IT tasks and visualize plan task in task inbox for processes. You can execute these tasks from task inbox.

GPA user is required to create custom guided procedures. Using GPA user, you can perform −

  • Display Business partner queries
  • Access Technical Administration WC
  • Task Inbox
  • Maintain Guided Procedures

Required Roles under GPA user −

  • SAP_SMWORK_BASIC_TECHADMIN
  • SAP_SM_BP_DISPLAY
  • SAP_SM_GP_ADMIN
  • SAP_SYSTEM_REPOSITORY_DIS

This user is required to perform single or periodic operation activities and to check the status of all the activities using GP log book.

Required roles under IT Task Planning −

  • SAP_SM_GP_DIS
  • SAP_TASK_INBOX_DIS
  • SAP_TASK_PLANNING_ALL
  • SAP_SMWORK_BASIC_TECHADMIN
  • SAP_SM_BP_DISPLAY
  • SAP_SM_IT_EVENTS_DISP
  • SAP_SYSTEM_REPOSITORY_DIS
  • SAP_TASK_INBOX_ALL
  • SAP_ITCALENDER_DIS

This allows you to distribute changes in ABAP and non ABAP objects. You use central Change and Transport system to perform the changes.

This work center allows you to manage all the changes in the project and provides central access to all the tools.

Change and Transport System

This allows you to distribute changes in ABAP and non ABAP objects. You use central Change and Transport system to perform the changes.

Quality Gate Management

Quality gates allow to remove the lock on systems and change implementation is possible.

Change Request Management

It allows you to execute projects globally in Solman- includes planning, cost management and change management activities.

To create a change request, role SAP_CM_REQUESTER should be assigned.

When a Change request is approved by Change Manager/ Person Responsible to validate and approve change, change document is created automatically in the system and the status of document is marked as being implemented.

A Change document structure consists of the following components −

Header Level

It is used to store general data like developer ID, reference object details, project name for which change is created, and other information.

Assignment Blocks

It contains the data required for processing of change request. This includes information about, processing log files, transport requests, details of project/solution, incident, and the information about the test management.

What is Next?

Further you can go through your past assignments you have done with the subject and make sure you are able to speak confidently on them. If you are fresher then interviewer does not expect you will answer very complex questions, rather you have to make your basics concepts very strong.

Second it really doesn't matter much if you could not answer few questions but it matters that whatever you answered, you must have answered with confidence. So just feel confident during your interview. We at tutorialspoint wish you best luck to have a good interviewer and all the very best for your future endeavor. Cheers :-)


sap_solman_questions_answers.htm

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