GATE Architecture and Planning Syllabus


Subject Code: AR

Course Structure

Sections/Units Topics
Section A Architecture and Design
Section B Building Materials, Construction and Management
Section C Building and Structures
Section D Environmental Planning and Design
Section E Urban Design
Section F Urban Planning and Housing
Section G Planning Techniques and Management
Section H Services, Infrastructure and Transportation

Course Syllabus

Section A: Architecture and Design

  • Visual composition in 2D and 3D

  • Principles of Art and Architecture

  • Organization of space

  • Architectural Graphics

  • Computer Graphics – concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D modeling and Architectural rendition

  • Programming languages and automation.

  • Anthropometrics

  • Planning and design considerations for different building types;

  • Site planning

  • Circulation- horizontal and vertical

  • Barrier free design

  • Space Standards

  • Building Codes

  • National Building Code

  • Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of −

    • Indian and Western History of Architecture

    • Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional architecture

    • Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution

    • Influence of modern art on architecture

    • Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture

    • Recent trends in Contemporary Architecture

    • Works of renowned national and international architects

Section B: Building Materials, Construction and Management

  • Behavioral characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud, timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers, composites

  • Building construction techniques, methods and details

  • Building systems and prefabrication of building elements

  • Principles of Modular Coordination, estimation, specification, valuation, professional practice

  • Construction planning and equipment

  • Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.

Section C: Building and Structures

  • Principles of strength of materials

  • Design of structural elements in wood, steel and RCC

  • Elastic and Limit State design

  • Structural systems in RCC and Steel

  • Form and Structure

  • Principles of Pre-stressing

  • High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and lateral load resisting systems

  • Principles and design of disaster resistant structures

Section D: Environmental Planning and Design

  • Ecosystem - natural and man-made ecosystem
  • Ecological principles
  • Concepts of Environmental Impact Analysis
  • Environmental considerations in planning and design
  • Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement
  • Principles of lighting and illumination
  • Climate responsive design
  • Solar architecture
  • Principles of architectural acoustics
  • Green Building- Concepts and Rating
  • ECBC
  • Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation
  • Environmental pollution - types, causes, controls and abatement strategies

Section E: Urban Design

  • Concepts and theories of urban design

  • Public Perception

  • Townscape

  • Public Realm

  • Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation

  • Historical and modern examples of urban design

  • Public spaces, character, spatial qualities and Sense of Place

  • Elements of urban built environment – urban form, spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc

  • Principles, tools and techniques of urban design

  • Urban renewal and conservation

  • Site planning

  • Landscape design

  • Development controls – FAR, densities and building bye laws

Section F: Urban Planning and Housing

Planning process

  • Types of plans −
    • Master Plan
    • City Development Plan
    • Structure
  • Plan −
    • Zonal Plan
    • Action Area Plan
    • Town Planning Scheme
    • Regional Plan
  • Salient concepts −
    • Theories and principles of urban planning
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Emerging concepts of cities −
    • Eco-City
    • Smart City
    • Transit Oriented
  • Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.


  • Concepts
  • Principles and examples of neighbourhood
  • Housing typologies
  • Slums
  • Affordable Housing
  • Housing for special areas and needs
  • Residential
  • Densities
  • Standards for housing and community facilities
  • National Housing Policies, Programs and Schemes

Section G: Planning Techniques and Management

Planning Techniques

  • Tools and techniques of Surveys −

    • Physical

    • Topographical

    • Land use

    • Socioeconomic Surveys

  • Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis

  • Graphic presentation of spatial data

  • Application of G.I.S. and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning

  • Decision support system and Land Information System


  • Urban Economics
  • Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning
  • Social, Economic and environmental cost benefit analysis
  • Techniques of financial appraisal
  • Management of Infrastructure Projects
  • Development guidelines such as URDPFI
  • Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.
  • Local self-governance

Section H: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation

Building Services

  • Water supply
  • Sewerage and drainage systems
  • Sanitary fittings and fixtures
  • Plumbing systems
  • Principles of internal and external drainage system
  • Principles of electrification of buildings
  • Intelligent Buildings
  • Elevators and Escalators - standards and uses
  • Air-Conditioning systems
  • Firefighting Systems
  • Building Safety and Security systems

Urban Infrastructure

  • Transportation
  • Water Supply
  • Sewerage
  • Drainage
  • Solid
  • Waste Management
  • Electricity
  • Communications

Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering

  • Road capacity

  • Traffic survey methods

  • Traffic flow characteristics

  • Traffic analyses and design considerations

  • Travel demand forecasting

  • Land-use – transportation - urban form inter-relationships Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas

  • Hierarchy of roads and level of service

  • Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas

  • Mass transportation planning

  • Paratransit and other modes of transportation

  • Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning

  • Intelligent Transportation Systems

Principles of water supply and sanitation systems

  • Water treatment
  • Water supply and distribution system
  • Water harvesting systems
  • Principles, Planning and Design of storm water drainage system
  • Sewage disposal methods
  • Methods of solid waste management −
    • Collection
    • Transportation
    • Disposal
  • Recycling and Reuse of solid waste
  • Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and guidelines

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