- Statistics Tutorial
- Home
- Adjusted R-Squared
- Analysis of Variance
- Arithmetic Mean
- Arithmetic Median
- Arithmetic Mode
- Arithmetic Range
- Bar Graph
- Best Point Estimation
- Beta Distribution
- Binomial Distribution
- Black-Scholes model
- Boxplots
- Central limit theorem
- Chebyshev's Theorem
- Chi-squared Distribution
- Chi Squared table
- Circular Permutation
- Cluster sampling
- Cohen's kappa coefficient
- Combination
- Combination with replacement
- Comparing plots
- Continuous Uniform Distribution
- Continuous Series Arithmetic Mean
- Continuous Series Arithmetic Median
- Continuous Series Arithmetic Mode
- Cumulative Frequency
- Co-efficient of Variation
- Correlation Co-efficient
- Cumulative plots
- Cumulative Poisson Distribution
- Data collection
- Data collection - Questionaire Designing
- Data collection - Observation
- Data collection - Case Study Method
- Data Patterns
- Deciles Statistics
- Discrete Series Arithmetic Mean
- Discrete Series Arithmetic Median
- Discrete Series Arithmetic Mode
- Dot Plot
- Exponential distribution
- F distribution
- F Test Table
- Factorial
- Frequency Distribution
- Gamma Distribution
- Geometric Mean
- Geometric Probability Distribution
- Goodness of Fit
- Grand Mean
- Gumbel Distribution
- Harmonic Mean
- Harmonic Number
- Harmonic Resonance Frequency
- Histograms
- Hypergeometric Distribution
- Hypothesis testing
- Individual Series Arithmetic Mean
- Individual Series Arithmetic Median
- Individual Series Arithmetic Mode
- Interval Estimation
- Inverse Gamma Distribution
- Kolmogorov Smirnov Test
- Kurtosis
- Laplace Distribution
- Linear regression
- Log Gamma Distribution
- Logistic Regression
- Mcnemar Test
- Mean Deviation
- Means Difference
- Multinomial Distribution
- Negative Binomial Distribution
- Normal Distribution
- Odd and Even Permutation
- One Proportion Z Test
- Outlier Function
- Permutation
- Permutation with Replacement
- Pie Chart
- Poisson Distribution
- Pooled Variance (r)
- Power Calculator
- Probability
- Probability Additive Theorem
- Probability Multiplecative Theorem
- Probability Bayes Theorem
- Probability Density Function
- Process Capability (Cp) & Process Performance (Pp)
- Process Sigma
- Quadratic Regression Equation
- Qualitative Data Vs Quantitative Data
- Quartile Deviation
- Range Rule of Thumb
- Rayleigh Distribution
- Regression Intercept Confidence Interval
- Relative Standard Deviation
- Reliability Coefficient
- Required Sample Size
- Residual analysis
- Residual sum of squares
- Root Mean Square
- Sample planning
- Sampling methods
- Scatterplots
- Shannon Wiener Diversity Index
- Signal to Noise Ratio
- Simple random sampling
- Skewness
- Standard Deviation
- Standard Error ( SE )
- Standard normal table
- Statistical Significance
- Statistics Formulas
- Statistics Notation
- Stem and Leaf Plot
- Stratified sampling
- Student T Test
- Sum of Square
- T-Distribution Table
- Ti 83 Exponential Regression
- Transformations
- Trimmed Mean
- Type I & II Error
- Variance
- Venn Diagram
- Weak Law of Large Numbers
- Z table
- Statistics Useful Resources
- Statistics - Discussion

- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who

# Statistics - Data collection - Case Study Method

Case study research is a qualitative research method that is used to examine contemporary real-life situations and apply the findings of the case to the problem under study. Case studies involve a detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships. It provides the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods. It helps a researcher to understand a complex issue or object and add strength to what is already known through previous research.

## STEPS OF CASE STUDY METHOD

In order to ensure objectivity and clarity, a researcher should adopt a methodical approach to case studies research. The following steps can be followed:

**Identify and define the research questions**- The researcher starts with establishing the focus of the study by identifying the research object and the problem surrounding it. The research object would be a person, a program, an event or an entity.**Select the cases**- In this step the researcher decides on the number of cases to choose (single or multiple), the type of cases to choose (unique or typical) and the approach to collect, store and analyze the data. This is the design phase of the case study method.**Collect the data**- The researcher now collects the data with the objective of gathering multiple sources of evidence with reference to the problem under study. This evidence is stored comprehensively and systematically in a format that can be referenced and sorted easily so that converging lines of inquiry and patterns can be uncovered.**Evaluate and analyze the data**- In this step the researcher makes use of varied methods to analyze qualitative as well as quantitative data. The data is categorized, tabulated and cross checked to address the initial propositions or purpose of the study. Graphic techniques like placing information into arrays, creating matrices of categories, creating flow charts etc. are used to help the investigators to approach the data from different ways and thus avoid making premature conclusions. Multiple investigators may also be used to examine the data so that a wide variety of insights to the available data can be developed.**Presentation of Results**- The results are presented in a manner that allows the reader to evaluate the findings in the light of the evidence presented in the report. The results are corroborated with sufficient evidence showing that all aspects of the problem have been adequately explored. The newer insights gained and the conflicting propositions that have emerged are suitably highlighted in the report.