Geography India - Land Resources


  • Land use record is maintained by the Land Revenue Department.

  • The Survey of India is accountable for measuring geographical area of administrative units in India.

  • There is difference between the actual forest area and the forest area defined by the Government.

Categories of Land

  • Land under settlements (i.e. rural and urban), infrastructure (i.e. roads, canals, industries, shops, etc.) are kept under the category of Non-Agricultural Land.

  • Barren hilly terrains, desert lands, ravines, etc. normally are not suitable for cultivation, hence, they are known as Barren and Wastelands.

  • The land owned by the village panchayat comes under ‘Common Property Resources’.

  • Any land, which is left fallow (uncultivated) for more than five years is categorized as Culturable Wasteland.

Agricultural Land
  • The land, which is left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year is known as Current Fallow.

  • The physical extent of the land on which crops are sown and harvested is known as Net Sown Area.

  • Land use pattern changes with time and the nature of economic activities carried out in that region.

  • As a result of increase in population, change in income levels, available technology, and associated factors, pressure on land increases and marginal lands come under use.

  • When secondary and tertiary sectors grow much faster than primary sector, then agricultural land changes into non-agricultural land.

  • Likewise, India has undergone major changes within the economy over the past four or five decades, and it has influenced the land-use changes in the country.

  • Because of the changing structure of the Indian economy, the rate of increase of non-agricultural land is very fast.