Chemistry - Discovery of Elements
Most likely copper was the first element, which was mined and used by humans.
The evidence of earliest use of copper was found in Anatolia, which belongs to 6,000 BCE.
The lead was most likely the second element that humans start using.
The oldest known artifact of lead is statuette, which was found in a temple of Osiris, Abydos, Egypt.
The statuette of Osiris temple belongs to (about) 3,800 BCE.
The oldest known gold treasure was discovered in Varna, Necropolis (Bulgaria).
This gold treasure belongs to (about) 4,400 BCE.
Discovery of silver is almost same as of gold; its evidence was found in Asia Minor.
Some evidence say that the iron was known from (about) 5,000 BCE.
The oldest known iron objects, which was used by the humans, were found in Egypt (belongs to 4000 BCE).
The following table illustrates the significant elements with their discovery date and discovers −
|Copper||Middle East (Place)||About 9,000 BCE|
|Lead||Egypt (Place)||About 7,000 BCE|
|Gold||Bulgaria (Place)||About 6,000 BCE|
|Silver||Asia Minor (Place)||About 5,000 BCE|
|Iron||Egypt (Place)||About 5,000 BCE|
|Tin||About 3,500 BCE|
|Sulfur||Chinese/India||About 2,000 BCE|
|Platinum||A. de Ulloa||1748|
|Vanadium||M. del Río||1801|
|Boron||L. Gay-Lussac and L.J. Thénard||1808|
|Fluorine||A. M. Ampère||1810|
|Cadmium||S. L Hermann, F. Stromeyer, and J.C.H. Roloff||1817|
|Selenium||J. Berzelius and G. Gahn||1817|
|Bromine||J. Balard and C. Löwig||1825|
|Rubidium||R. Bunsen and G. R. Kirchhoff||1861|
|Indium||F. Reich and T. Richter||1863|
|Helium||P. Janssen and N. Lockyer||1868|
|Neon||W. Ramsay and W. Travers||1898|
|Xenon||W. Ramsay and W. Travers||1898|
|Fermium||A. Ghiorso et al||1952|
|Nobelium||E. D. Donets, V. A. Shchegolev and V. A. Ermakov||1966|
|Dubnium||A. Ghiorso, M. Nurmia, K. Eskola, J. Harris and P. Eskola||1970|
|Tennessine||Y. Oganessian et al||2010|