iOS - Delegates


Example for Delegate

Let's assume an object A calls an object B to perform an action. Once the action is complete, object A should know that B has completed the task and take necessary action. This is achieved with the help of delegates.

The key concepts in the above example are −

  • A is a delegate object of B.

  • B will have a reference of A.

  • A will implement the delegate methods of B.

  • B will notify A through the delegate methods.

Steps in Creating a Delegate

Step 1 − First, create a single view application.

Step 2 − Then select File → New → File...

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Step 3 − Then select Objective C Class and click Next.

Step 4 − Give a name to the class, say, SampleProtocol with subclass as NSObject as shown below.

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Step 5 − Then select create.

Step 6 − Add a protocol to the SampleProtocol.h file and the updated code is as follows −

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
// Protocol definition starts here 
@protocol SampleProtocolDelegate <NSObject>
- (void) processCompleted;
// Protocol Definition ends here
@interface SampleProtocol : NSObject {
   // Delegate to respond back
   id <SampleProtocolDelegate> _delegate; 
@property (nonatomic,strong) id delegate;

-(void)startSampleProcess; // Instance method

Step 7 − Implement the instance method by updating the SampleProtocol.m file as shown below.

#import "SampleProtocol.h"

@implementation SampleProtocol

-(void)startSampleProcess {
   [NSTimer scheduledTimerWithTimeInterval:3.0 target:self.delegate 
	selector:@selector(processCompleted) userInfo:nil repeats:NO];

Step 8 − Add a UILabel in the ViewController.xib by dragging the label from the object library to UIView as shown below.

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Step 9 − Create an IBOutlet for the label and name it as myLabel and update the code as follows to adopt SampleProtocolDelegate in ViewController.h.

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "SampleProtocol.h"

@interface ViewController : UIViewController<SampleProtocolDelegate> {
   IBOutlet UILabel *myLabel;

Step 10 Implement the delegate method, create object for SampleProtocol and call the startSampleProcess method. The Updated ViewController.m file is as follows −

#import "ViewController.h"

@interface ViewController ()


@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
   [super viewDidLoad];
   SampleProtocol *sampleProtocol = [[SampleProtocol alloc]init];
   sampleProtocol.delegate = self;
   [myLabel setText:@"Processing..."];
   [sampleProtocol startSampleProcess];
   // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning {
   [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
   // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.

#pragma mark - Sample protocol delegate
-(void)processCompleted {
   [myLabel setText:@"Process Completed"];

Step 11 We will see an output as follows. Initially the label displays "processing...", which gets updated once the delegate method is called by the SampleProtocol object.

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