iOS - Location Handling


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We can easily locate the user's current location in iOS, provided the user allows the application to access the information with the help of the core location framework.

Location Handling – Steps Involved

Step 1. Create a simple View based application.

Step 2. Select your project file, then select targets and then add CoreLocation.framework as shown below −

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Step 3. Add two labels in ViewController.xib and create ibOutlets naming the labels as latitudeLabel and longitudeLabel respectively.

Step 4. Create a new file by selecting File-> New -> File... -> select Objective C class and click next.

Step 5. Name the class as LocationHandler with "sub class of" as NSObject.

Step 6. Select create.

Step 7. Update LocationHandler.h as follows −

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <CoreLocation/CoreLocation.h>

@protocol LocationHandlerDelegate <NSObject>

@required
-(void) didUpdateToLocation:(CLLocation*)newLocation 
 fromLocation:(CLLocation*)oldLocation;
@end

@interface LocationHandler : NSObject<CLLocationManagerDelegate>
{
    CLLocationManager *locationManager;
}
@property(nonatomic,strong) id<LocationHandlerDelegate> delegate;

+(id)getSharedInstance;
-(void)startUpdating;
-(void) stopUpdating;

@end

Step 8. Update LocationHandler.m as follows −

#import "LocationHandler.h"
static LocationHandler *DefaultManager = nil;

@interface LocationHandler()

-(void)initiate;

@end

@implementation LocationHandler

+(id)getSharedInstance{
    if (!DefaultManager) {
        DefaultManager = [[self allocWithZone:NULL]init];
        [DefaultManager initiate];
    }
    return DefaultManager;
}
-(void)initiate{
    locationManager = [[CLLocationManager alloc]init];
    locationManager.delegate = self;
}

-(void)startUpdating{
    [locationManager startUpdatingLocation];
}

-(void) stopUpdating{
    [locationManager stopUpdatingLocation];
}
-(void)locationManager:(CLLocationManager *)manager didUpdateToLocation:
 (CLLocation *)newLocation fromLocation:(CLLocation *)oldLocation{
    if ([self.delegate respondsToSelector:@selector
    (didUpdateToLocation:fromLocation:)]) 
    {
        [self.delegate didUpdateToLocation:oldLocation 
        fromLocation:newLocation];

    }
}

@end

Step 9. Update ViewController.h as follows where we have implemented the LocationHandler delegate and create two ibOutlets −

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "LocationHandler.h"
@interface ViewController : UIViewController<LocationHandlerDelegate>
{
    IBOutlet UILabel *latitudeLabel;
    IBOutlet UILabel *longitudeLabel;
}
@end

Step 10. Update ViewController.m as follows −

#import "ViewController.h"

@interface ViewController ()

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    [[LocationHandler getSharedInstance]setDelegate:self];
    [[LocationHandler getSharedInstance]startUpdating];
}

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning
{
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
    // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}

-(void)didUpdateToLocation:(CLLocation *)newLocation 
 fromLocation:(CLLocation *)oldLocation{
    [latitudeLabel setText:[NSString stringWithFormat:
    @"Latitude: %f",newLocation.coordinate.latitude]];
    [longitudeLabel setText:[NSString stringWithFormat:
    @"Longitude: %f",newLocation.coordinate.longitude]];

}

@end

Output

When we run the application, we'll get the following output −

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