CBSE 8th Class Mathematics Syllabus
Course Structure
Units |
Topics |
Term I |
1 |
Rational Numbers |
2 |
Exponents and Powers |
3 |
Squares and Squares Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots |
4 |
Linear Equations in one variable |
5 |
Understanding Quadrilaterals and Constructions |
6 |
Mensuration |
Term II |
7 |
Algebraic Expressions, Identities and Factorization |
8 |
Ratio, proportion and percentage |
9 |
Direct and Inverse Proportion |
10 |
Representing 3D in 2D |
11 |
Playing with Numbers |
12 |
Data Handling |
Course Syllabus
Unit 1: Rational Numbers
- Definition and operations on rational numbers
- Properties on Rational Numbers
- Representation of rational numbers on number line
- Finding two or more rational numbers between two given rational numbers
- BODMAS
- Applications of rational numbers in problem solving
Unit 2: Exponents and Powers
- Exponents
- Laws of Exponent
- Application of Laws of Exponents
Unit 3: Squares and Square Roots; Cubes and Cube
- Introduction to Squares
- Properties of Squares of natural numbers
- Square Root of a given number
- Estimation of square root
- Applications of square and square root of a number
- Introduction to Cube of a number
- Properties of cubes of natural numbers
- Cube Root of a given number
- Application of cubes and cube of a number
Unit 4: Linear Equations in One Variable
- Linear equations
- Solution of Linear equations
- Application of Linear equations
Unit 5: Linear Understanding Quadrilaterals and Constructing Quadrilaterals
- Introduction to term polygon and its types
- Angle sum property of a polygon
- Types of Quadrilaterals with their properties
- Types of parallelograms
- Construction of Quadrilaterals
Unit 6: Mensuration
- Area of 2-dimensional figures
- Area of 3-dimensional figures
- Volume of 3-dimensional figures
- Applications of volume and surface area
Unit 7: Algebraic Expressions, Identities and Factorization of algebraic expressions
- Algebraic expression
- Multiplication of algebraic expressions
- Algebraic identities
- Factorization
- Division of two algebraic expressions
Unit 8: Comparing Quantities
- Ratio and Proportion
- Percentage
- Profit and Loss
- Sales Tax and Value Added Tax (VAT)
- Compound Interest
Unit 9: Direct and Inverse Proportion
- Direct Proportion
- Inverse Proportion
- Mixed Problems
Unit 10: Representing 3 D in 2 D
- Identification of 3-D objects
- Different views of 3-D objects
- Introduction to Map
- Polyhedron
- Euler’s Formula
Unit 11: Playing with Numbers
- General form of a number
- Letters for digits (decoding the digits from letters)
- Divisibility tests
Unit 12: Data Handling
- Graphical representation of data
- Group data
- Histogram
- Pie Chart
- Probability
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