CBSE 11th Class Legal Studies Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
1 Theory and Nature of Political Institutions 20
2 Nature and Sources of Law 20
3 Historical Evolution of Indian Legal System 20
4 Civil and Criminal Courts and Process 20
5 Family Justice System 20
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit 1: Theory and Nature of Political Institutions

  • Concept of State/Nation
  • Organs of Government −
    • Legislative
    • Executive
    • Judiciary
  • Separation of Powers −
    • Parliamentary Sovereignty
    • Judicial
  • Independence
  • Constitutional Framework of India

Unit 2: Nature and Sources of Law

  • Legislation −
    • Process
    • Delegated and subordinate legislation
  • Case Law −
    • Stare decisis
    • Precedents within the hierarchy of courts
  • Authoritative Sources
  • Custom
  • Law Reform

Unit 3: Historical Evolution of Indian Legal System

  • Ancient Indian Law
  • English law in India
  • Administration of Justice in British India
  • Charter of 1861 and subsequent Charters
  • Establishment of High Courts and the Federal Court
  • Drafting of the Indian Constitution
  • Ancient Indian Law in Modern Legal Framework

Unit 4: Civil and Criminal Courts and Process

  • The Civil Court Structure
  • The Criminal Court Structure
  • The Civil Process
  • The Criminal Process −
    • Investigation
    • Prosecution

Unit 5: Family Justice System

  • Institutional Framework
  • Marriage and Divorce
  • Children
  • Domestic Violence

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