|VII||Genetics & Evolution||18|
|VIII||Biology & Human Welfare||14|
|IX||Biotechnology & its Applications||10|
|X||Ecology & Environment||14|
Chapter 1: Reproduction in Organisms
Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter 3: Human Reproduction
Male and female reproductive systems
Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
Fertilisation embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea)
Parturition (Elementary idea)
Lactation (Elementary idea)
Chapter 4: Reproductive Health
Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
Birth control −
Need and Methods
Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)
Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies −
GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)
Chapter 5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Chapter 6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Chapter 7: Evolution
Origin of life
Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (Paleontological, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence)
Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution
Mechanism of evolution −
Variation (Mutation and Recombination)
Natural Selection with examples
Types of natural selection
Gene flow and genetic drift
Hardy - Weinberg's principle
Chapter 8: Human Health and Diseases
Chapter 9: Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Chapter-10: Microbes in Human Welfare
Chapter 11: Biotechnology - Principles and Processes
Chapter 12: Biotechnology and its Application
Chapter 13: Organisms and Populations
Chapter 14: Ecosystem
Chapter-15: Biodiversity and its Conservation
Chapter-16: Environmental Issues
Part A: List of Experiments
Study pollen germination on a slide.
Collect and study soil from at least two different sites and study them for texture, moisture content, pH and water holding capacity. Correlate with the kinds of plants found in them.
Collect water from two different water bodies around you and study them for pH, clarity and presence of any living organisms.
Study the presence of suspended particulate matter in air at two widely different sites.
Study of plant population density by quadrat method.
Study of plant population frequency by quadrat method.
Prepare a temporary mount of onion root tip to study mitosis.
Study the effect of different temperatures and three different pH on the activity of salivary amylase on starch.
Isolation of DNA from available plant material such as spinach, green pea seeds, papaya, etc.
Part B: Study/observation of the following (Spotting)
Flowers adapted to pollination by different agencies (wind, insect, bird).
Pollen germination on stigma through a permanent slide.
Identification of stages of gamete development, i.e., T.S. of testis and T.S. of ovary through permanent slides (from grasshopper/mice).
Meiosis in onion bud cell or grasshopper testis through permanent slides.
T.S. of blastula through permanent slides.
Mendelian inheritance using seeds of different colour/sizes of any plant.
Prepared pedigree charts of any one of the genetic traits such as rolling of tongue, blood groups, ear lobes, widow's peak and colour blindness.
Controlled pollination - emasculation, tagging and bagging.
Common disease causing organisms like Ascaris, Entamoeba, Plasmodium, Roundworm through permanent slides or specimens. Comment on symptoms of disease that they cause.
Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) found in xeric conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.
Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) found in aquatic conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.
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