CBSE 11th Class Philosophy Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
1 Indian Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology) 20
2 Western Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology) 20
3 Principles of Reasoning (Logic) 60
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit 1: Indian Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology)

  • Classification of Indian philosophical systems

  • Six ways of knowing in Indian Philosophy

  • Nyaya definition of perception and distinction between determinate and indeterminate perception

  • Buddhist view on indeterminate perception

  • Nyaya view on inference (Nyaya) −

    • Vyapti

    • Tarka

    • Kinds of Anumana

  • Carvaka's critique of inference

Unit 2: Western Theories of Knowledge (Epistemology)

  • Rationalism −
    • Descartes on universal and certain knowledge
    • Method of doubt
  • Empiricism −
    • Locke on rejection of innate ideas
    • Origin of ideas
    • Kinds of knowledge
  • Hume −
    • Impressions and Ideas
    • Kinds of knowledge
    • Skepticism (causation, self)
  • Kant −
    • Synthetic a priori knowledge

Unit 3: Principles of Reasoning (Logic)

  • Aristotelian Logic
    • The nature and subject-matter of logic
    • Terms, sentences, propositions, truth and validity
    • Relations between propositions - square of opposition
    • Changing sentences into their logical form
    • Categorical syllogism
  • Symbolic Logic
    • Value of use of −
      • Symbols
      • Symbolization
      • Variable
      • Constant
    • Truth function and truth-functional connectives
      • Truth Table
  • Inductive Reasoning
    • Mill's Methods of Experimental Inquiry

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