CBSE 11th Class Physics Syllabus
Course Structure
Units | Topics | Marks |
---|---|---|
I | Physical World and Measurement | 23 |
1 | Physical World | |
2 | Units and Measurements | |
II | Kinematics | |
3 | Motion in a Straight Line | |
4 | Motion in a Plane | |
III | Laws of Motion | |
5 | Laws of Motion | |
IV | Work, Energy and Power | 17 |
6 | Work, Energy and Power | |
V | Motion of System of Particles | |
7 | System of Particles and Rotational Motion | |
VI | Gravitation | |
8 | Gravitation | |
VII | Properties of Bulk Matter | 20 |
9 | Mechanical Properties of Solids | |
10 | Mechanical Properties of Fluids | |
11 | Thermal Properties of Matter | |
VIII | Thermodynamicss | |
12 | Thermodynamics | |
IX | Kinetic Theory Gases | |
13 | Kinetic Theory | |
X | Oscillation and Waves | 10 |
14 | Oscillations | |
15 | Waves | |
Practical | 30 | |
Total | 100 |
Course Syllabus
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement
Chapter 1: Physical World
- Physics - scope and excitement
- Nature of physical laws
- Physics, technology and society
Chapter 2: Units and Measurements
- Need for measurement
- Units of measurement
- Systems of units −
- SI units
- Fundamental and derived units
- Length, mass and time measurements
- Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
- Errors in measurement
- Significant figures
- Dimensions of physical quantities
- Dimensional analysis and its applications
Unit II: Kinematics
Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line
Frame of reference
Motion in a straight line
Position-time graph
Speed and velocity
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion
Uniform and non-uniform motion
Average speed and instantaneous velocity
Uniformly accelerated motion
Velocity time
Position-time graphs
Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)
Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane
- Scalar and vector quantities
- Position and displacement vectors
- general vectors and their notations
- equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number
- addition and subtraction of vectors
- Relative velocity
- Unit vector
- Resolution of a vector in a plane - rectangular components
- Scalar and Vector product of vectors
- Motion in a plane
- Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
Unit III: Laws of Motion
Chapter 5: Laws of Motion
Intuitive concept of force
Inertia
Newton's first law of motion
momentum and Newton's second law of motion
impulse; Newton's third law of motion
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of concurrent forces
Static and kinetic friction
laws of friction
rolling friction
lubrication
Dynamics of uniform circular motion:
Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road)
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
- Work done by a constant force and a variable force
- Kinetic energy
- Work-energy theorem
- Power
- Notion of potential energy
- Potential energy of a spring
- Conservative forces
- Conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies)
- Non-conservative forces
- Motion in a vertical circle
- Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system
momentum conservation and centre of mass motion
Centre of mass of a rigid body
Centre of mass of a uniform rod
Moment of a force
Torque
angular momentum
laws of conservation of angular momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of rigid bodies
rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion
comparison of linear and rotational motions
Moment of inertia
radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia, for simple geometrical objects (no derivation)
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
Unit VI: Gravitation
Chapter 8: Gravitation
- Keplar's laws of planetary motion
- The universal law of gravitation
- Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
- Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential
- Escape velocity
- Orbital velocity of a satellite
- Geo-stationary satellites
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
- Elastic behavior
- Stress-strain relationship
- Hooke's law
- Young's modulus
- Bulk modulus
- Shear modulus of rigidity
- Poisson's ratio
- Elastic energy
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Pressure due to a fluid column
- Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes)
- Effect of gravity on fluid pressure
- Viscosity
- Stokes' law
- terminal velocity
- streamline and turbulent flow
- critical velocity
- Bernoulli's theorem and its applications
- Surface energy and surface tension
- angle of contact
- excess of pressure across a curved surface
- application of surface tension ideas to drops
- bubbles and capillary rise
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
- Heat, temperature, thermal expansion
- Thermal expansion of −
- Solids
- Liquids
- Gases
- Anomalous expansion of water
- Specific heat capacity
- Cp, Cv – calorimetry
- Change of state
- Latent heat capacity
- Heat transfer −
- Conduction
- Convection
- radiation
- Thermal conductivity
- Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation
- Wein's displacement Law
- Stefan's law
- Greenhouse effect
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics
Chapter 12: Thermodynamics
- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature
- Zeroth law of thermodynamics
- Heat, work and internal energy
- First law of thermodynamics
- Isothermal and adiabatic processes
- Second law of thermodynamics −
- Reversible and irreversible processes
- Heat engine and refrigerator
Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas
Work done in compressing a gas
Kinetic theory of gases −
Assumptions
Concept of pressure
Kinetic interpretation of temperature −
rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom
Law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases
Concept of mean free path
Avogadro's number
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves
Chapter 14: Oscillations
Periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation
Phase
Oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant
Energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies
Simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance
Chapter–15: Waves
- Wave motion
- Transverse and longitudinal waves
- speed of wave motion
- Displacement relation for a progressive wave
- Principle of superposition of waves
- reflection of waves
- standing waves in strings and organ pipes
- fundamental mode and harmonics
- Beats
- Doppler effect
PRACTICALS
The record that submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include −
Record of at least 15 Experiments (with a minimum of 8 from section A and 7 from section B), to be performed by the students
Record of at least 5 Activities (with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B), to be performed by the students
Report of the project to be carried out by the students
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