CBSE 11th Class Physics Syllabus


Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
I Physical World and Measurement 23
1 Physical World
2 Units and Measurements
II Kinematics
3 Motion in a Straight Line
4 Motion in a Plane
III Laws of Motion
5 Laws of Motion
IV Work, Energy and Power 17
6 Work, Energy and Power
V Motion of System of Particles
7 System of Particles and Rotational Motion
VI Gravitation
8 Gravitation
VII Properties of Bulk Matter 20
9 Mechanical Properties of Solids
10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids
11 Thermal Properties of Matter
VIII Thermodynamicss
12 Thermodynamics
IX Kinetic Theory Gases
13 Kinetic Theory
X Oscillation and Waves 10
14 Oscillations
15 Waves
Practical 30
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit I: Physical World and Measurement

Chapter 1: Physical World

  • Physics - scope and excitement
  • Nature of physical laws
  • Physics, technology and society

Chapter 2: Units and Measurements

  • Need for measurement
  • Units of measurement
  • Systems of units −
    • SI units
    • Fundamental and derived units
  • Length, mass and time measurements
  • Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
  • Errors in measurement
  • Significant figures
  • Dimensions of physical quantities
  • Dimensional analysis and its applications

Unit II: Kinematics

Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line

  • Frame of reference

  • Motion in a straight line

  • Position-time graph

  • Speed and velocity

  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion

  • Average speed and instantaneous velocity

  • Uniformly accelerated motion

  • Velocity time

  • Position-time graphs

  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)

Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane

  • Scalar and vector quantities
  • Position and displacement vectors
  • general vectors and their notations
  • equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number
  • addition and subtraction of vectors
  • Relative velocity
  • Unit vector
  • Resolution of a vector in a plane - rectangular components
  • Scalar and Vector product of vectors
  • Motion in a plane
  • Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion
  • Uniform circular motion

Unit III: Laws of Motion

Chapter 5: Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive concept of force

  • Inertia

  • Newton's first law of motion

  • momentum and Newton's second law of motion

  • impulse; Newton's third law of motion

  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications

  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces

  • Static and kinetic friction

  • laws of friction

  • rolling friction

  • lubrication

  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion:

    • Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road)

Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power

Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power

  • Work done by a constant force and a variable force
  • Kinetic energy
  • Work-energy theorem
  • Power
  • Notion of potential energy
  • Potential energy of a spring
  • Conservative forces
  • Conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies)
  • Non-conservative forces
  • Motion in a vertical circle
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions

Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system

  • momentum conservation and centre of mass motion

  • Centre of mass of a rigid body

  • Centre of mass of a uniform rod

  • Moment of a force

  • Torque

  • angular momentum

  • laws of conservation of angular momentum and its applications

  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies

  • rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion

  • comparison of linear and rotational motions

  • Moment of inertia

  • radius of gyration

  • Values of moments of inertia, for simple geometrical objects (no derivation)

  • Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

Unit VI: Gravitation

Chapter 8: Gravitation

  • Keplar's laws of planetary motion
  • The universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential
  • Escape velocity
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite
  • Geo-stationary satellites

Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter

Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

  • Elastic behavior
  • Stress-strain relationship
  • Hooke's law
  • Young's modulus
  • Bulk modulus
  • Shear modulus of rigidity
  • Poisson's ratio
  • Elastic energy

Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pressure due to a fluid column

  • Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes)
  • Effect of gravity on fluid pressure
  • Viscosity
  • Stokes' law
  • terminal velocity
  • streamline and turbulent flow
  • critical velocity
  • Bernoulli's theorem and its applications
  • Surface energy and surface tension
  • angle of contact
  • excess of pressure across a curved surface
  • application of surface tension ideas to drops
  • bubbles and capillary rise

Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter

  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion
  • Thermal expansion of −
    • Solids
    • Liquids
    • Gases
  • Anomalous expansion of water
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Cp, Cv – calorimetry
  • Change of state
  • Latent heat capacity
  • Heat transfer −
    • Conduction
    • Convection
    • radiation
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation
  • Wein's displacement Law
  • Stefan's law
  • Greenhouse effect

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

Chapter 12: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature
    • Zeroth law of thermodynamics
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Isothermal and adiabatic processes
  • Second law of thermodynamics −
    • Reversible and irreversible processes
  • Heat engine and refrigerator

Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas

  • Work done in compressing a gas

  • Kinetic theory of gases −

    • Assumptions

    • Concept of pressure

  • Kinetic interpretation of temperature −

    • rms speed of gas molecules

    • Degrees of freedom

    • Law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases

    • Concept of mean free path

    • Avogadro's number

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves

Chapter 14: Oscillations

  • Periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time

  • Periodic functions

  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation

  • Phase

  • Oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant

  • Energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies

  • Simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period

  • Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance

Chapter–15: Waves

  • Wave motion
  • Transverse and longitudinal waves
  • speed of wave motion
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves
  • reflection of waves
  • standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • fundamental mode and harmonics
  • Beats
  • Doppler effect


The record that submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include −

  • Record of at least 15 Experiments (with a minimum of 8 from section A and 7 from section B), to be performed by the students

  • Record of at least 5 Activities (with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B), to be performed by the students

  • Report of the project to be carried out by the students

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