CBSE 11th Class Agriculture Syllabus


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Course Structure

Part Section Unit Topics Marks
I A Agriculture and Crop Production 30
1 Scope and Importance
2 Physical Environment
3 Agriculture Economics
B Genetics, Plant Breeding and Microbiology 15
4 Genetics, Plant Breeding and Microbiology
II Livestock Production 25
5 Scope and Importance
6 Care and Management
7 Bio-waste Management and Government Schemes
III Practical 30

Course Syllabus

SECTION - I

PART A - Agriculture and Crop Production

Unit I: Scope and Importance

  • Definition of agriculture
  • Branches of agriculture
  • Scope of agriculture in the national economy and employment

Unit II: Physical Environment

  • Climate and Weather
  • Elements of Weather −
    • Rainfall
    • Temperature
    • Humidity
    • Wind
    • Sunshine
  • Climate Change
  • Global warming
  • Soil −
    • Soil texture
    • Soil structure
    • Soil types
    • Soil distribution
    • Soil area
    • Soil erosion
    • Soil conservation
    • Reclamation of problematic soils acidic and alkali
  • Tillage definition and types −
    • Concept of conservation and tillage

Unit III: Agriculture Economics and Crop Production

  • Agricultural economics

  • Cooperative system in Agriculture

  • Crop Insurance

  • Kissan Credit Cards

  • Marketing of Agricultural Products (supply chain, retailing, wholesale), haats

  • Package & practices like −

    • Important varieties

    • Seed rate

    • Sowing time

    • Intercultural operations

  • Yield and marketing of −

    • Rice

    • Wheat

    • Maize

    • Mustard

    • Sunflower

    • Soybean

    • Groundnut

    • Black gram

    • Red gram

    • Pea

    • Jute

    • Sugarcane

    • Sorghum

    • Pearl millet

    • Finger millet

  • Introduction, distribution and economic importance of fruit −

    • Mango

    • Banana

    • Guava

    • Lime

    • Grape

    • Apple

    • Pomegranate

  • Introduction, distribution and economic importance of Vegetables −

    • Potato

    • Tomato

    • Cauliflower

    • Cabbage

    • Spinach

    • Brinjal

    • Bottle gourd

    • Pumpkin

    • Cucumber

  • Introduction, distribution and economic importance of Flowers −

    • Rose

    • Gladiolus marigold

  • Types of seed-foundation and certified and methods of plant propagation layering and cutting, and Tissue culture.

  • Important farm implements and their maintenance

PART B - Genetics, Plant Breeding and Microbiology

Unit IV: Genetics, Plant Breeding and Microbiology

  • Cell −
    • Cell structure
    • Cell Division-Mitosis and Meiosis
    • significance in plant growth and development
  • Introduction to - DNA, RNA, and their differences.
  • Genetics −
    • Role of Genetics in Plant breeding
    • self and cross-pollinated crops
    • methods of breeding in field crops-introduction
    • selection
    • Hybridization
    • Mutation
  • Mendel's laws of Inheritance −
    • Illustrative depiction of the experiments
    • Their importance in plant breeding
  • Introduction to −
    • Algae
    • Fungi
    • Bacteria
  • Decomposition and Fermentation

Section - II: Livestock Production

Unit V: Scope and Importance

  • Importance of livestock in Agriculture
  • National Economy and Nutritional security
  • Important animal based food products and their role in our diet
  • Important animal breeds of our country (cow and buffalo)
  • Exotic breeds of cows and their milk production and quality

Unit VI: Care and Management

  • Principles of feeding −
    • Feeding practices
    • Important fodder crops
    • Silage and Hay preparation
    • Balanced ratio-definition and ingredients
  • Concept of grazing and stall feeding including poultry feeding
  • Systems of milking by hand and by machine −
    • Important considerations in both these methods
  • Concept of −
    • Clean milk production
    • Processing
    • Value added products from milk
    • Milk pasteurization
    • Packaging and milk marketing in india
  • Concept of AMUL cooperative system of milk procurement and marketing
  • Production of −
    • Meat
    • Egg
    • Wool/Fur
  • Management of −
    • Calves
    • Bullocks
    • pregnant and milch animals
    • chicks and layers
  • Animal body structure and functions
  • System of animal health and hospital management in India
  • Diseases −
    • Signs of sick animals
    • symptoms of common diseases in cattle and poultry
    • Rinderpest
    • Black quarter
    • Foot and Mouth
    • Mestitusand Haemorrhagic Septicaemia
    • Fowl Pox
    • Ranikhet
    • Prevention and control of disease

Unit VII: Bio-Waste Management and Government Schemes

  • Utilization of animals in Bio-wastes and Biogas plant
  • Important government schemes for livestock production in India
  • The important features and eligibility criteria

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