CBSE 12th Class Legal Studies Syllabus


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Course Structure

Units Topics Marks
I Judiciary 15
II Topics in Law 15
III Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternate Dispute Resolution 15
IV Human Rights in India 15
V Legal Profession in India 15
VI Legal Services 15
VII International Context 10
Total 100

Course Syllabus

Unit 1: Judiciary

  • Constitution, Roles and Impartiality
  • Structure, Hierarchy of Courts, and Legal Offices in India
  • Appointments, Trainings, Retirement and Removal of Judges
  • Judicial Review

Unit 2: Topics in Law

  • Property
  • Contracts
  • Torts
  • Crimes
  • Administrative Law

Unit 3: Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternate Dispute Resolution

  • Adversarial and Inquisitorial System
  • Arbitration
  • Administrative Tribunals
  • Ombudsman
  • Mediation and Conciliation
  • Lok Adalats
  • Lokpal and Lokayukt

Unit 4: Human Rights in India

  • Human Rights Laws – Constitution, Statutes
  • Complaint Mechanisms and Human Rights Commissions

Unit 5: Legal Profession in India

  • History of Legal profession in India
  • Role and types of functions of judges and lawyers
  • Barristers, Solicitors and Advocates
  • Changes Affected by Indian Advocates Act, 1961

Unit 6: Legal Services

  • Legal Services
  • Boards
  • Funding

Unit 7: International Context

  • Introduction to International Law
  • Sources of International Law
  • International Institutions
  • International Human Rights

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