Inspection is the most formal form of reviews, a strategy adopted during static testing phase.
Inspection is usually led by a trained moderator, who is not the author. Moderator's role is to do a peer examination of a document
Inspection is most formal and driven by checklists and rules.
This review process makes use of entry and exit criteria.
It is essential to have a pre-meeting preparation.
Inspection report is prepared and shared with the author for appropriate actions.
Post Inspection, a formal follow-up process is used to ensure a timely and a prompt corrective action.
Aim of Inspection is NOT only to identify defects but also to bring in for process improvement.