Next.js - Routing


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Next.js uses file system based router. Whenever we add any page to pages directory, it is automatically available via url. Following are the rules of this router.

  • Index Routes − An index.js file present in a folder maps to root of directory. For example −

    • pages/index.js maps to '/'.

    • pages/posts/index.js maps to '/posts'.

  • Nested Routes − Any nested folder structure in pages directory because router url automatically. For example −

    • pages/settings/dashboard/about.js maps to '/settings/dashboard/about'.

    • pages/posts/first.js maps to '/posts/first'.

  • Dynamic Routes − We can use named parameter as well to match url. Use brackets for the same. For example −

    • pages/posts/[id].js maps to '/posts/:id' where we can use URL like '/posts/1'.

    • pages/[user]/settings.js maps to '/posts/:user/settings' where we can use URL like '/abc/settings'.

    • pages/posts/[...all].js maps to '/posts/*' where we can use any URL like '/posts/2020/jun/'.

Page Linking

Next.JS allows to link pages on client side using Link react component. It has following properties −

  • href − name of the page in pages directory. For example /posts/first which refers to first.js present in pages/posts directory.

Let's create an example to demonstrate the same.

In this example, we'll update index.js and first.js page to make a server hit to get data.

Let's update the nextjs project used in Global CSS Support chapter.

Update index.js file in pages directory as following.

import Link from 'next/link'
import Head from 'next/head'

function HomePage(props) {
   return (
      <>
         <Head>
            <title>Welcome to Next.js!</title>
         </Head>
         <div>Welcome to Next.js!</div>
         <Link href="/posts/first">> <a>First Post</a></Link>
         <br/>
         <div>Next stars: {props.stars}</div>
         <img src="/logo.png" alt="TutorialsPoint Logo" />
      </>	    
   )
}

export async function getServerSideProps(context) {
   const res = await fetch('https://api.github.com/repos/vercel/next.js')
   const json = await res.json()
   return {
      props: { stars: json.stargazers_count }
   }
}

export default HomePage

Start Next.js Server

Run the following command to start the server −.

npm run dev
> nextjs@1.0.0 dev \Node\nextjs
> next

ready - started server on http://localhost:3000
event - compiled successfully
event - build page: /
wait  - compiling...
event - compiled successfully
event - build page: /next/dist/pages/_error
wait  - compiling...
event - compiled successfully

Verify Output

Open localhost:3000 in a browser and you will see the following output.

Home page with Data

Click on First post link.

First page with Data
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