Decimal Multiplication: Problem Type 2



Multiplication of decimal numbers is similar to whole number multiplication.

Rules for Decimal Multiplication

  • First we multiply the decimal numbers as if they were whole numbers by ignoring the decimal points.

  • Here the decimal points are not lined up vertically as in addition and subtraction. Here the digits are lined up to the right.

  • The number of digits after the decimal point in both the numbers are counted and added.

  • In the final product, a decimal point is placed before that many digits from the right.

Multiply 2.004 × 2.3

Solution

Step 1:

2.004 × 2.3

Here the digits are lined up to the right

Decimal Multiplication

We now multiply the numbers by ignoring the decimal points and assuming as if they were whole numbers.

Step 2:

2.004 has three decimal places. 2.3 has one decimal place. So the product of these numbers has four decimal places.

Decimal Multiplication

Multiply 3.002 × 4.5

Solution

Step 1:

3.002 × 4.5

Here the digits are lined up to the right

Decimal Multiplication

We now multiply the numbers by ignoring the decimal points and assuming as if they were whole numbers.

Step 2:

3.002 has three decimal places. 4.5 has one decimal place. So the product of these numbers has four decimal places.

Decimal Multiplication


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